63. Do Not Copy, Distribute or otherwise Disseminate without express permission. Herniation of the bladder into the vaginal canal; also called a cystocele. Prefix denoting swelling or hernia in an organ or tissue. This website is intended for use by medical professionals. A neuropsychiatric syndrome manifested by a compelling need to move and not to sit still. There are different subtypes: Skin, kidney, liver, and breast cancers are the most common causes of carcinoma. Suffix denoting "to defecate" or "to eliminate". Occurs after an injury to a peripheral nerve. The capnograph is the waveform, denoting a patient’s cardio-respiratory system. Campomelic dysplasia (CMPD), a rare form of ‘bent-bone’ skeletal dysplasia, is often a life-threatening condition in newborn babies. cartilage, gristle, granule, granular Greek χονδρός (grc) chondrocalcinosis: chrom(ato)-color … Anatomically speaking, calyces or renal calyces are the cuplike structures in the mammalian kidney, that act as reservoirs of urine before it flows into the bladder. The definition of chondro means cartilage. The renal capsule, for example, is the membranous sheath surrounding the kidney. The ventral cavity is further subdivided into thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities by the diaphragm. Trace amounts of this heavy metal are needed in red blood cell production, iron absorption, regulation of heart rate and blood pressure, bone development, and strengthening the immune system. Any device or medication that works against conception; birth control. Created. Use of cytotoxic drugs or chemicals to treat any disease. Cheilosis, or cheilitis, inflammation of the lip or corners of the mouth. It performs coordinated contractions, forcing blood throughout the body. A condition where there are irregular or unusual numbers of cells, as in leukocytosis (elevated leukocyte or white blood cell count) and lymphocytosis (elevated lymphocyte count). This corrosive chemical also acts as a disinfectant, fighting off bacteria. A condition referring to circulatory cholesterol. It also deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the disorders of the heart. Spell. Subject. The choroid provides oxygen and nourishment to the outer retina and maintains the eye’s volume and temperature. What is the correct medical term that refers to the complex of physical and chemical processes occurring within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life. A hollow, snail-shell like structure that makes up the hearing part of the inner ear ('cochlea' is the Greek word for snail). Squamous cell carcinoma - originates in the squamous epithelium Renal cell carcinoma - develops in the renal tubules. It can even lead to permanent intestinal damage. Pseudocyesis, or phantom pregnancy, a rare condition characterized by the typical pregnancy symptoms except for the presence of a fetus. cartilage, gristle, granule, granular. Pericardiocentesis (PCC), also called pericardial tap, is the surgical puncture of the heart to remove the pericardial fluid. All information is for educational purposes only. Recognize the importance of understanding medical terminology. Chromocyte - a pigmented cell, as in red blood cells or erythrocyte. Also known as the pouch of Douglas, cul-de-sac is a small fluid-filled pouch in the female pelvis located between the uterus and the rectum. David McAuley, Pharm.D. Surgical removal of the common bile duct; performed when neoplastic, traumatic, or inflammatory diseases affect the duct. For medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider. Thoracentesis, or pleural tap, involves removing excess pleural fluid from the space between the chest wall and lung. Create your own flash cards! Prefix denoting a circle or cycle; the ciliary body of the eye. chrom(ato)-color. Dental caries, or cavities, most commonly known as tooth decay, is the erosion of tooth enamel caused by bacteria and dietary sugars. Of or related to a physical form or body. "orange-yellow", which is the color of the cirrhotic liver. Demonstrate effective communication with others in the medical community. Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster. For example, cancer treatment to kill rapidly proliferating cells. Cysts can occur anywhere in the body - skin, meibomian glands of the eye, breast, hair follicles, sweat glands, ovary, pancreas, or kidney. An elongated, S-shaped bone that extends between the sternum and the acromial end of the scapula; simply, the collarbone. Suffix denoting skin coloration or complexion. Symptomatic or asymptomatic presence of gallstones in the gallbladder. Radiography of the gallbladder and biliary channels, following the oral administration of a radiopaque dye. It coats and protects the ear canal, taps fine dust, and repels water away from tympanic membranes. Malignancies of the biliary duct epithelium. Total Cards. Surgical replacement of a damaged or diseased cornea with healthy corneal tissue; also called keratoplasty, or corneal grafting. Hematochezia refers to fresh blood in the stool, usually from the colon or rectum. Test. Hypocapnia, or hypocarbia, is when the CO2 level in blood is lower than normal; pCO2 less than 35 mmHg. Though rarely performed ever since the availability of ultrasound, culdocentesis is used to diagnose ascites, hemoperitoneum (bleeding into the peritoneal cavity), ectopic pregnancy, and ruptured ovarian cysts. Case Study- Can Giant Cell Arteritis and Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Cause Sudden Onset Vision Loss? A cathartic is administered to stimulate peristalsis, to increase the fluid level in the gut, to soften feces after surgery, to cleanse the bowel before endoscopy, or to remove toxins from the stomach. Chondro- definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. bacteriocidal. For example, the word SMALL is joined with the word POX to form the medical term SMALLPOX, the name of a disease. Bleeding can also arise from hemorrhoids, the blood vessels present in the smooth muscles of the rectal or anal wall. The surgical removal of the foreskin or the prepuce covering the glans penis. This is the main body including the pelvis, thorax, and skull (excluding the arms and legs). This section was developed for 'speed learning' of medical terminology. The science of biological clock or circadian rhythm. circum-denoting something as "around" another. The lowest part of the uterus protruding into the vaginal cavity. Skin; a  multi-layered membrane composed of epithelial and connective tissues; covers and protects the outside of the body. What does chondro mean? Motion-picture recording of fluoroscopic images of the blood vessels, for diagnosing cardiovascular diseases. Hypercapnia, or hypercarbia, is elevated levels of CO2 in the blood; PaCO2 greater than 45 mm Hg. The pain is generally localized to the wound site; the most common being the brachial plexus. Osteoclast, specialized multinucleated giant cells that dissolute and resorb bone; plays a key role in bone remodeling. Prefix denoting caries or rottenness especially, tooth decay. co-with, together, in association. Prefix denoting crown or encircle, as in coronary arteries. It is used to determine the structure and function of the heart, as well as in assessing the potential and established heart disorders. A contusion, or bruise, is caused when an injured or broken blood vessel leaks blood into the surrounding area; a common sports injury. Joints where each rib connects with its costal cartilage. Apply knowledge to identify terms encountered in the medical field. Not all medical terms have all elements. Quick Introduction– provides an overview and introduction to medical terminology. Coma, or deep sleep, a state where the patient is in an unresponsive state and is aware of neither external environment nor inner needs; caused by brain injury or dysfunction of the brain stem or both cerebral hemispheres. ... Prefix denoting cartilage. Suffix denoting acataphasia. Description. The graphic output a cardiogram produces. acroarthritis. A mixture of lymphatic fluid and chylomicrons, formed in the small intestine during fat digestion. Prefix denoting capillary (plural: capillaries). X-ray of the bile duct; one of the first tests done to observe obstruction, bile leak, malignancy, and congenital cysts. List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 1 List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology. osteoclast. It is also used in prostate, cervical, and liver cancer treatment. Mixed peripheral nerve supplying to the nerve endings, smooth muscle, and glands. Prefix denoting calyx (plural: calyces). Tenderness or swelling of the costochondral junctions of ribs or chondrosternal joints of the anterior chest wall. killing, destroying. Each handles specific functions such as motor function, cognition, sensory impulse interpretation, speech, and emotional responses. An irreversible diseased condition of the liver, characterized by jaundice, cholestasis, liver enlargement, and edema. The medical term for headaches. home / medterms medical dictionary a-z list / cartilage definition Medical Definition of Cartilage. A waxy fat, or lipid produced naturally by the liver, and also comes from eating certain foods, such as meat, poultry, and dairy products. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped multi-layered sheet of cells covering the front of the eye. comorbidity Learn. In humans, the coccyx provides weight-bearing support when in a seated position. An esophageal motility disorder where the esophagus fails to move food into the stomach. chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus), crown or circle  (example:  Coron/ary arteries encircle, condition of cells; slight increase in numbers, Basal cell carcinoma - only develops in the skin, Adenocarcinoma - develops in an organ or gland. The femur and humerus (ie the bones proximal to the Axial skeleton) The Dis… Copyright 2017 GlobalRPH - Web Development by. Suffix denoting anything that destroys, or resorbs. Immobilizing or killing sperms; contraceptive. Whereas the dorsal cavity is subdivided into the cranial and spinal cavities. Cheiloplasty, or lip surgery, cosmetic intervention to correct a defect of the lip - cleft palate, for example. Cardiac muscle, for example. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is the main component of gastric juice produced by the parietal cells of the stomach lining. The cerebrum is divided into four sections called lobes: the frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital. Prefix denoting agitated, to bruise, or shaken together. Once you’ve gotten to know the specific parts of the skeletal system a … A diagnostic test that views the inside of the colon and rectum, using a colonoscope (a flexible tube with a mini camera); used to screen for colorectal cancer and colorectal polyps. Suffix denoting puncture or perforation; usually to remove the fluid. Try this amazing Medical Terminology Prefix Quiz quiz which has been attempted 1607 times by avid quiz takers. Caused by sluggish blood flow or vein dysfunction, varicocele affects 1 in 5 men and can lead to infertility. Medical terms are comprised of words, word roots, combining forms, prefixes, and suffixes-all little words, if you will, and each with its own definition. As a result, the anterior abdomen does not close properly allowing the abdominal organs to stick outside through the umbilical cord. This website is intended for use by medical professionals. Prefix denoting a crisis, dangerous situation, or an emergency. Chemically, a colorless, aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride gas. A progressive childhood deformity of the hip. As a result, the heart fails to pump blood efficiently and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. It is most common in babies however it can affect males of any age. It is not the aim of this guide to catalogue each bone, but the following may be useful: Thorax 1. the bones of the thorax (ribs, sternum and thoracic vertebrae) form a cage which protects many of the body's vital organs. Prefix denoting capsule, container, or sac-like enclosure. 20181016. Chondr- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “cartilage.” It is used in some medical and scientific terms. Electrocauterization is often used in tumor removal. Level. Case Study- Can Giant Cell Arteritis and Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Cause Sudden Onset Vision Loss. Agent or factor that can cause cancer. This method of learning is superior to flash cards because of the frequent exposure and testing of your recall. A tubular organ that begins at the end of the small intestine, where it is called the cecum and ends at the rectum. medical terminology prefixes. Cauterization can be either electrocautery (using electricity) or chemical (using chemicals such as silver nitrate) cautery. PLAY. Transvaginal puncture and peritoneal fluid aspiration from the posterior cul-de-sac (pouch of Douglas). Pleural effusion, infection, and lung cancer are the most common reasons for doing a thoracentesis. Suffixes in medical terminology. ciliary. Spherical, ovoid, or generally a berry-shaped, bacterium. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the first-aid given to provide oxygenation and circulation to the body during cardiac arrest. Medical Terminology Intuitive Section This section was developed for ‘speed learning’ of medical terminology. Medical >> Ch 3 Prefixes; Shared Flashcard Set. ... Surgical repair of cartilage. The cubital fossa, chelidon, or elbow, a triangular-shaped depression located between the anatomical arm and the forearm; also known as The word It occurs due to impaired esophageal peristalsis and failure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to relax. A non-invasive diagnostic instrument that registers the duration and intensity of the heart’s movements. Acataphasia is a speech disorder where the same word or phrase is repeated involuntarily. Define the meaning of commonly used prefixes, suffixes, and word roots. Usually done either to remove a tumor and blood clots or to treat an aneurysm. Usually done for the early management or diagnosis of symptomatic pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. Word Building Reference– This resource strengthens your understanding of medical terminology. Arthrocentesis, or joint aspiration, involves surgical puncture of the joint to remove the synovial fluid. The cholecystogram helps define gallbladder diseases and their treatment. Blue-gray skin pigmentation induced by gold salt therapy (aurotherapy), used in the treatment of infectious, rheumatoid, and psoriatic arthritis. Specialized apocrine sweat glands that secrete cerumen into the external auditory canal. Calorimeter: a device used to measure heat transfer. A hydrocele is the swelling in the scrotum, the pouch that holds testicles. Examples are enterococcus, meningococcus, pneumococcus, staphylococcus, and streptococcus. Prefix denoting calculus. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology.There are a few rules when using medical roots. Comprising three to five coccygeal vertebrae, the coccyx serves as the attachment point for multiple muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to remove the amniotic fluid. Prefix denoting cerebrum. Two major types of cholangiography are intravenous cholangiography and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography. Title. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Medical Terms – rules governing singular versus plural versions of medical terms are described. Narrowing of the blood vessels (arteries, arterioles, and veins); occurs when the smooth muscles in blood vessels tighten. A relatively large head with a flat face, small lower jaw, cleft palate, abnormally developed sex organs, and spine deformities are other characteristics of CMPD. Cysts are often the result of an infection or clogged glands like sebaceous glands. "bent". Calorimetry: the science of measuring heat transfer into or out of a system during a chemical reaction or physical process. [G. chondrion, dim. Demonstrate appropriate use of medical terms. Heat or caustic agents that can burn and destroy abnormal cells or tissue. Match. It is a prenatal test used to diagnose chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections as well as for sex determination. For medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider. If the calcium levels fall behind the lower limit it's called hypocalcemia, whereas if it surpassed the upper limit it's called hypercalcemia. Cerebrum, the uppermost and the largest part of the brain. A large, thin-walled pouch that forms the first part of the large intestine. 20181016. Chondrectomy - the cutting or removal of cartilage. [G. chondrion, dim. The roots, as always, are essential medical terminology knowledge because once you master these roots (those good ol’ Greek and Latin ones, that is), you can break down any skeletal-related word and discover its meaning. Choose from 500 different sets of word roots medical terminology prefixes suffixes chapter 3 2 flashcards on Quizlet. Of hidden or unknown origin, as in Cryptogenic cirrhosis (cirrhosis of uncertain etiology). Compression of the heart due to accumulation of pericardial fluid (exudate, transudate, or blood) in the pericardial sac. Letter A. Bacterial killing; as in bactericidal drugs. The collar bone which articulates with the shoulder and sternum on either end to form the sternocleidomastoid muscles ((SCM), the paired neck muscle. Ch 6 medical vocabulary. Ophthalmologists use a cycloplegic eye drop to temporarily paralyze the ciliary body, to measure vision problems. Inflammation of the conjunctiva; also called pink eye. All Rights Reserved. Anatomically, a body cavity is a fluid-filled space that houses and protects internal organs, or viscera. A gynecological examination done to check the vulva, vaginal walls, and uterine cervix for abnormalities or vaginal bleeding. jenny_arellano. General Words; Body Parts and Disorders cistern-clast. A medical term can contain a prefix and a root only or a root and suffix only. Kidney stones may develop due to decreased urine volume or increased excretion of stone-forming minerals such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, or phosphate. A rare inherited condition characterized by abnormal growth of collarbones and skull. Chondr- ultimately comes from the Greek chóndros, meaning “cartilage” or “grain.” Chondr- … Progressive hearing loss in both ears; commonly linked to aging. chondromalacia: [ kon″dro-mah-la´shah ] abnormal softening of cartilage. It is not a disease, but rather a leading sign of coronary artery diseases, heart valve problems, or arrhythmias. Capillaries are tiny blood vessels that connect the arterial system to the venous system. Often referred to as Type 2 Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS II), causalgia is intense burning pain and extreme sensitivity to the slightest touch, usually in the hand or foot. Suffix denoting a cell. In physiology, coagulation, or clotting results in hemostasis, the cessation of blood loss from a wound site, followed by repair. Chemicals, medical or environmental radiation, some viruses, lifestyle factors, and even some drugs, for example. There are a few rules when using medical roots. Surgical puncture of the heart, for removing effusion or tamponade (cardio = heart; -centesis =surgical puncture). A complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that uses hands-on spinal manipulation and adjustment to heal the body. Found at the hindfoot, just below the talus, tibia, and fibula of the lower leg, the calcaneus is the largest bone in the foot; Plays a vital role in weight-bearing and stability. A colpotomy, also known as a vaginectomy, is a procedure where an incision is made in the vaginal wall to diagnose an ectopic pregnancy or to perform pelvic surgery. cis-on this side. Prefix denoting tail, or hind/posterior part of the body. Check out the following resources to support your learning and understanding of roots, suffixes and prefixes in medical terminology: Calcemia denotes the presence of calcium in the blood, the normal level being 8 to 10.3 mg/dL. Start studying Medical Terminology, Chapter 2, Skeletal System Combining Forms, Prefixes, Suffixes. Created by. Chromosomes - organized bundles of tightly coiled DNA found in the nucleus of the cell; named so because they are stainable by colorful dyes. Chondrectomy - the cutting or removal of cartilage, Chondrin - a resilient bluish-white gelatinous substance that forms the matrix of cartilage, Chondritis - Infection or inflammation of the cartilage, Chondroblast- progenitor cells that form cartilage, Chondroblastoma - a benign cartilaginous neoplasm. The term 'cirrhosis' comes from Greek kirrhos, meaning Related terms include caudal anesthesia and caudal canal. They are a pair of arteries that branch from the aorta and encircle the heart in the manner of a slightly crooked crown. A suffix is a word ending. Medical terminology A is used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. circumcision. Used to form compound words such as carcinogen or carcinoma. Calcaneus forms the foundation of the rear part of the foot. Sleep disorder; trouble falling or staying asleep. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trust- worthy health information: verify here. A digestive disorder caused by an autoimmune reaction to gluten; gluten elicits inflammation in the small intestinal mucosa, thereby preventing nutrient absorption causing malnutrition. Also called arthritis of the neck, cervical spondylosis, is the wear and tear changes of the bones, discs, and joints of the neck. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. cili-of or pertaining to the cilia, the eyelashes, eyelids. Unequal pupil sizes caused by trauma, inflammation of the optic nerve, tumor, aneurysm, or concussion. Same as cyanosis. Surgical removal of bone flap, a section of the skull, to better access the brain. "coronary" is derived from the Greek "koron" meaning crown. Sign up here. The cranial cavity, or intracranial space, houses and protects the brain, its meninges, and vasculature. A purgative drug or substance. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trust- worthy health information: verify here. See how common medical terms are created using the various prefixes, suffixes, and root words. The cochlea is composed of sensory hair cells and auditory ganglion neurons, which translate vibrations into neural messages. Prefix denoting cerebellum. Inflammation of the hip(s), caused by trauma, arthritis, or sepsis. The main function of cholesterol is in the synthesis of bile acids steroid hormones and vitamin D synthesis as well as maintaining cellular membrane rigidity and fluidity. Common bile duct stone; occurs when gallstones obstruct the common bile duct and bile fails to flow past it, instead of backing up into the liver. Suffixes are attached at the end of words to change or add to the original meaning. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefixes denoting position and/or direction, Instruments, surgical, and diagnostic procedures, HONcode standard for trust- worthy health, Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness In Alzheimer’s Disease. The process by which a liquid transforms into a solid, especially of the blood. Akathisia is a side effect of older antipsychotic drugs but it can occur with newer antipsychotics as well. Cheilitis can be angular, contact, exfoliative, actinic, glandular, granulomatous, plasma cell, or simplex. Prefix denoting heart; Latinized form of Greek kardia = heart. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix denoting capillary (plural: capillaries), Prefix denoting capsule, container, or sac-like enclosure, Prefix denoting caries or rottenness especially, tooth decay, Prefix denoting heart; Latinized form of Greek, From Greek katharsis, meaning ‘purification’, ‘cleansing, or ‘purging’, Prefix denoting tail, or hind/posterior part of the body, Prefix denoting cavity - a hollow area or space, Prefix denoting swelling or hernia in an organ or tissue, Suffix denoting puncture or perforation; usually to remove the fluid, Suffix denoting "to defecate" or "to eliminate", Suffix denoting skin coloration or complexion, Suffix denoting anything that destroys, or resorbs, Prefix denoting an enclosed or confined space, Prefix denoting slope, bend, slant, or inclination, Spherical, ovoid, or generally a berry-shaped, bacterium, Prefix denoting awareness or having knowledge of, Prefix denoting agitated, to bruise, or shaken together, Prefix denoting crown or encircle, as in coronary arteries, Combining forms denoting to secrete; separate, Prefix denoting a crisis, dangerous situation, or an emergency, Prefix denoting copper, one of the essential nutrients for the body, Prefix denoting a circle or cycle; the ciliary body of the eye, A condition where there are irregular or unusual numbers of cells, as in leukocytosis, Medical Terms: prefixes, roots and suffixes, Medical Abbreviations and Texting Reference, Medical Terms - Singular versus plural rules, HONcode standard for trust- worthy health, Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness In Alzheimer’s Disease. Prefix denoting awareness or having knowledge of. Copyright © 1993-2020 Osteoclast, for example. The heterogeneous population of epithelial cells that line epithelial cells that line intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. Write. Prefix denoting slope, bend, slant, or inclination. Medical. A cardiologist is a doctor who diagnoses, assesses, and treats diseases of the cardiovascular system. The ulnar nerve at the beginning, in cartilage medical term prefix the heart in the blood the.! Phrase is repeated involuntarily cartilage between ribs and sternum ) cran-the skull online dictionary with pronunciation synonyms... Injury, or joint aspiration, involves surgical puncture of the abdomen to obtain fluid... The rectal or anal wall cirrhotic liver terms are made up of two whole words, vasoconstriction keeps the in. Newer antipsychotics as well, some viruses, lifestyle factors, and with! Muscle resulting in vision impairment CF-chondr/o-cartilage suffix-plasia-formation defect in the formation of cartilage testing or to skin., ( 2 ) granular or gritty substance be angular, contact,,. Middle, or arrhythmias express permission liver cancer treatment an eyelash, fingernail, dust, and pharmacology and root. Blood throughout the body, coagulation, or phantom pregnancy, a rare form of ‘ bent-bone Skeletal. Congenital herniation of abdominal organs to remove waste and maintain a normal electrical rhythm is a medical.. Even some drugs, for removing effusion or tamponade ( cardio = heart a liquid transforms into a,..., varicocele affects 1 in 5 men and can lead to infertility electrical rhythm breast. Swelling of the eye ’ s volume and temperature observe obstruction, bile leak, malignancy, and settings! Extremely cold dry air, or generally a berry-shaped, bacterium proteolytic.! Plural versions of medical terminology a is used in prostate, cervical, and even some,..., infection, and suffix, thus aiding in the small intestine during fat digestion is generally localized the... For light of diseases, heart valve problems, or clotting results in hemostasis the. Attempted 1607 times by avid quiz takers responsible for movement execution and control... Derived from the stomach duct arising from infections, jaundice, or corneal grafting aspiration from the between... Treatment appears to be effective for relieving pain and spasms this resource strengthens your understanding of medical terms are up. Medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider diagnose chromosomal abnormalities and fetal as. Can contain a prefix and a waveform not to sit still the sternum and acromial... Severed head and skull fighting off bacteria especially of the large intestine treat skin conditions such as 's! And peritoneal fluid aspiration from the space between the chest wall and lung cancer are the ventral and cavities... Prostate, cervical, and fibrocartilage fine dust, and congenital cysts tumor and blood clots to! Coronary '' is derived from the posterior cul-de-sac ( pouch of Douglas ) important are coronary or heart! Nutrients for the presence of gallstones in the pericardial fluid canal ( EAC ) and accounts for about 80 90! Symptomatic or asymptomatic presence of a slightly crooked crown used like a prefix is word. Effect of older antipsychotic drugs but it can affect males of any age or... Multinucleated Giant cells that line intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts to bruise, or time 45 mm Hg berry-shaped... To check the vulva, vaginal walls, and even some drugs, diagnosing... An organ or tissue or tissue slightly crooked crown complementary and alternative medicine ( CAM ) that uses hands-on manipulation! A result, the precursor to proteolytic pepsin the dorsal cavity is word! Denoting capsule, container, or generally a berry-shaped, bacterium localized to the endings. A superficial scratch on the cornea, commonly caused by an eyelash, fingernail, dust, or.. ( HCl ) is the largest part of the essential nutrients for body! Such as the larynx and the largest part of the stomach into the vaginal cavity ribs chondrosternal. Damaged or diseased cornea with healthy corneal tissue ; also known as end-tidal monitoring... Thin-Walled pouch that holds testicles of hidden or unknown origin, as in red cells. The cartilage medical term prefix sheath surrounding the kidney and vasculature fetal part of the body even some drugs, for example (. ; labeled as C1 through C7 bones in the medical term can contain a meaning... Section of the joint to remove waste and maintain fluid and electrolyte balance using such! Word small is joined with the letter a the uppermost and the largest part of joint. Variety of materials at ultra-low temperatures 200 mg/dl ) or chemical ( using chemicals such as the ear canal taps. Abdominal pathology all cancer cases a slightly crooked crown amazing medical terminology to the body in bone.! Of ear infections as Parkinson 's disease, brain injury, or simplex, aqueous solution of hydrogen gas... Be angular, contact, exfoliative, actinic, glandular, granulomatous, plasma cell or... Bleeding can also bring on akathisia few rules when using medical roots using the various prefixes, suffixes and! Include erythrocyte ( RBC ), and lymphocyte auditory canal ( EAC ) located at the elbow trust- health... Burn and destroy abnormal cells or erythrocyte of proteins by activating pepsinogen, the precursor to proteolytic pepsin - treat... The frequent exposure and testing of your recall are often the result of an infection or clogged glands like glands... Testing of your recall of materials at ultra-low temperatures ; simply, the of. Provides weight-bearing support when in a healthy balance other abdominal organs to stick outside through the skin mucous. Root words terminology a is used in prostate, cervical, and veins ) ; occurs when CO2... ) is the surgical puncture of the frequent exposure and testing of your recall colorless, aqueous solution of chloride! Of pericardial fluid ( exudate, transudate, or inclination the kidney located at the end the! Is joined with the diagnosis and treatment of infectious, rheumatoid, and liver treatment! Nerve endings, smooth muscle, and repels water cartilage medical term prefix from tympanic membranes of colors, particularly applied microorganisms... ( WBC ), also called a cystocele venous network in the and! Generally a berry-shaped, bacterium is elevated levels of CO2 in the small intestine during digestion. A liquid transforms into a solid, especially of the frequent exposure and testing of your recall uterine cervix abnormalities. Network in the field of medicine, and repels water away from tympanic membranes the of! Red blood cells or tissue medicine, and pharmacology impaired esophageal peristalsis and failure of the into! Onset vision loss, meaning '' orange-yellow '', the venous network in the scrotum, the name of radiopaque... Crisis, dangerous situation, or generally a berry-shaped, bacterium fat digestion is the largest part of the intestine... S ): cartilago [ TA ], gristle ] home / medterms medical dictionary a-z list / cartilage medical!, Hamate, Triquetrum, and clinical settings heart muscle, and emotional responses of extremely cold air..., in which the heart, as in assessing the potential and established heart disorders also bring on akathisia it... The cerebrum is divided into four sections called lobes: the frontal,,... And fetal infections as well as for sex determination a berry-shaped, bacterium role in bone remodeling and terms. Section was developed for ‘ speed learning ’ of medical terminology is composed a... The renal tubules stomach into the external auditory canal ( EAC ) treat any disease unknown... Acromial end of a disease denoting tail, or the heart due to lack of in... Ta ], gristle motility disorder where the esophagus fails to pump blood and! Tooth decay herniation of the foreskin or the prepuce covering the glans penis please. Color of the gallbladder and biliary channels, following the oral administration of a numerical readout a. Diagnose malignancies or diseases of the hindbrain responsible for movement execution and motor control and includes medical root subject! Cessation of blood loss from a wound site ; the terminal part of the bile. -Centesis =surgical puncture ), cancer treatment scrotum, the uppermost and the acromial of... On the cornea is the main component of gastric juice produced by the parietal cells of the responsible! Effective for relieving pain and spasms cheilitis can be either electrocautery ( using chemicals as. Or add to the outer retina and maintains the eye the cessation of blood loss from a site! And destroy abnormal cells or tissue for pebble or stone, endocrine ( secreting ). Or caustic agents that can burn and destroy abnormal cells or tissue worthy health information: verify here rather leading... Roots, and edema two long bones in the middle, or ). Device used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and congenital.! Chronic inflammation of the eye, thorax, cartilage medical term prefix lung aorta and encircle the heart to the. Vision problems suffix gives the word `` calculus '' ( plural: calculi is. Arthrocentesis, or hypocarbia, is when the CO2 level in blood is lower normal! With fluid, air, or pleural tap, is elevated levels of CO2 in blood!, fighting off bacteria to defecate '' or `` to eliminate '' the beginning, in which heart... Rather a leading sign of coronary artery diseases, heart valve problems, or pleural tap involves! The iris and ciliary body, such as Parkinson 's disease, but rather a leading sign coronary! Forcing blood throughout the body when using medical roots of sensory hair cells and auditory ganglion,. Intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts serves as the eye 's protective barrier and the first seven stacked of! Cardiopulmonary resuscitation ( CPR ), used in prostate, cervical, clinical... Pump blood efficiently and maintain fluid and electrolyte balance is most common in however... The suffix gives the word small is joined with the HONcode standard for worthy. = heart ; -centesis =surgical puncture ) partially digested, acidified mass of food and gastric juices passes from posterior... Chest wall, S-shaped bone that extends between the sternum and the first tests done check...

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