It use to be if you could not understand something that meant it was evil.) The female produces up to 30,000 eggs per kilogram of body weight. The Wels catfish has a large mouth with numerous rows of small sharp teeth. Strong, balanced tackle is required to land larger specimens, with many anglers catching fish whilst Carp fishing with standard car tackle. This fish is the European wels catfish, Silurus glanis, is one of the world's largest freshwater fish and is the largest freshwater fish in Europe. They also caught Wels Catfish at 189cm, 162cm and this year one at 152,5cm. Wels catfish can live for at least fifty years. The wels catfish's mouth contains lines of numerous small teeth, two long barbels on the upper jaw and four shorter barbels on the lower jaw. It lives in deep waters that accommodate its large size. The ‘kittens’ as they are known, can grow rapidly in ideal conditions, attaining weights of 1lb within a year and able to reach 5lbs in just three years. The wels catfish's mouth contains lines of numerous small teeth, two long barbels on the upper jaw and four shorter barbels on the lower jaw. the largest is reputed to attain a length of more than five metres. Lobworms, squid, farmed leeches (they are a protected species and may not be removed from the wild), and deadbaits such as Rudd, Roach and Lamprey, which contain high blood leakage. It has been introduced to Western Europe as a prized sport fish and is now found from the United Kingdom east to Kazakhstan and China and south to Greece and Turkey. Catfish are usually midweight builds, thus having moderate Health. In the 1860’s, in anticipation of the possible use of Wels Catfish to feed the masses, "The Times" newspaper suggested that the fish was "the most important animal introduction since the bringing of the turkey", describing the flesh as "veal with a rich eel-like flavour, superior to salmon." However, the use of the Wels Catfish as a food source does not appear to have been as successful as was anticipated. Wels Catfish have an elongated scaleless body, a large head, tiny eyes, and a powerful forebody with a laterally compressed tail. It is a freshwater fish recognizable by its broad, flat head and wide mouth. One of the largest catfishes, as well as one of the largest of European freshwater fishes, the wels attains a length of about 4.5 m (15 feet) and a weight of 300 kg (660 pounds). This is likely the result of adapting their behavior to forage on novel prey in response to new environments upon its introduction to the Tarn River in 1983[4] since this type of behavior has not been reported within the native range of this species. [1], Like most freshwater bottom feeders, the wels catfish lives on annelid worms, gastropods, insects, crustaceans, and fish. Since its introduction in the Mequinenza Reservoir in 1974, it has spread to other parts of the Ebro basin, including its tributaries, especially the Segre River. This giant was surpassed by some even larger specimens from Poland (2,61 m. 109 kg. The European record for the Wels Catfish is 316lb 8oz (that’s an incredible 144kg & 2.78m long), ironically caught from the River Po in Italy where they were also introduced as an alien species. The estimated weight was around 160 lbs. The catfish weighed in at 736 lbs. However, the guild also includes some of the tankiest builds like Blue Catfish, Flathead Catfish, Redtail Catfish, Mekong Giant Catfish, Giant Pangasius, Wels Catfish, Piraiba and Goonch. 4.5 out of 5 stars 91. To prevent this unwanted invader from coming into the province, Ontario has regulated Wels Catfish as prohibited under the Invasive Species Act. Specimens over 6.5 feet long are rare but known to exist. [7] (According to the Hungarian naturalist Ottó Hermann [1835-1914], catfish of 300–400 kilograms were also caught in Hungary in the old centuries from the Tisza river.) European catfish, Wels catfish, scientific name Silurus glanis, also called sheatfish live as much as 8 to 12 months within the wild. The wels catfish usually grows to 47-63 inch (120-160 cm) long and weighs up to 110 lb (50 kg). Wels Catfish (Silurus glanis) 147 lb: Paul Fyson: June 7, 2020: Oak Lakes Fisheries, Southminster: Essex: 219 days * Note 8 Zander (Sander lucioperca) 22 lb: Mick Dolan: 12 March 2010: Grafham Water, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire: 10 years, 306 days Lobworms are an under rated bait and can be devastating if fished just off the bottom, however they are best fished at night as nuisance fish will take an interest in them during the day. But, some historic reports tell of specimens over 16 feet long, and weighing 880 lbs. The ecology of the river has also changed, with a major growth in aquatic vegetation such as algae. Most Wels catfish average a size of 4 to 5 feet and weigh in at around 33 to 44 lbs but that is still a pretty big fish! FREE Shipping. The Wels catfish is a large species of freshwater catfish, usually native to central, southern and eastern Europe and is thought to have a potential total … Evidence has shown that Wels of 180lb caught in Continental Europe have been as young as 24-years old, so consider how old the enormous specimens that inhabit the freshwater lakes of Russia may be ! 4.6 out of 5 stars 333. Introduce yourself and say hello! [12], Exceptionally large specimens are rumored to attack humans in rare instances, a claim investigated by extreme angler Jeremy Wade in an episode of the Animal Planet television series River Monsters following his capture of three fish, two of about 66 kg (145 lb) and one of 74 kg (164 lb), of which two attempted to attack him following their release. Although Ferrari's catch is impressive, unfortunately he was just shy of the world record for a Wels catfish catch, which weighed 297 pounds 9 ounces (134.97 kilograms). Use this chart to estimate how much a blue or flathead catfish weighs. Here is a chart that can be used to determine approximate weight without using a scale. A maximum reported weight was 220 kg. Or click here to claim a National Record Fish. They have some of the widest weight class ranges of any bony fish build. It consumes its food in the open water or in the deep, where it can be recognized by its large mouth. The smallest is fully-grown at 20 mm. A report in the Austrian newspaper Der Standard on 5 August 2009, mentions a wels catfish dragging a fisherman near Győr, Hungary, under water by his right leg after the man attempted to grab the fish in a hold. It has also colonized The underside is always pale yellow to white in colour. The one Ferrari caught is reportedly a wels catfish, which can get up to 15 feet long, making this 8.75-foot long catfish barely above average. Their lifespan is at least 50 years. $21.99 $ 21. Fishing Chat. Some endemic species of Iberian barbels, genus Barbus in the Cyprinidae that were once abundant, especially in the Ebro river, have disappeared due to competition with and predation by wels catfish. Silurus glanis reach an average of 45 kg and has been considered one of … Depending on temperature, eggs hatch after 3 days, the larva of about 7mm long have one barbule and initially feed on plankton. Average Weight: 10–20lb (5.0kg-10.0kg) They inhabit rivers and large lakes and ponds where they occupy both a scavenger and apex predator role. Most adult wels catfish are about 1.3–1.6 m (4 ft 3 in–5 ft 3 in) long; fish longer than 2 m (6 ft 7 in) are a rarity. Males excavate a shallow depression in which the eggs are laid in their thousands, with each female depositing anywhere between 8,500 - 12,000/kg of her weight. The Wels Catfish is also seen in bright colours, ranging from bright orange and yellows, to albino looking forms with red eyes, whilst others grow almost entirely blue/black in colour. The wels catfish (also known as wels) is massive catfish native to European rivers. They can also eat red worms in the fall, but only the river species. Tackle, Bait & Rigs. Photos. Maximum Length: 5 metres: (16 feet 6 inches) Latest news. Clear water will give the fish a black color, while muddy water will often tend to produce green-brown specimens. So providing that your baits are well presented and attractive to the Catfish, there is a good chance that a hungry Wels will find your bait. The Catfish is not indigenous to Britain, but inhabits mainland Europe and Asia. Similar stories occur in the works of older natural history writers. That is fantastic sport and a amazing experience. An unusual habitat for the species exists inside the Chernobyl exclusion zone, where a small population lives in abandoned cooling ponds and channels at a close distance to the decommissioned power plant. It has a long anal fin that extends to the caudal fin, and a small sharp dorsal fin relatively far forward. Average Length: 60cm–90cm: (24-36 inches) Larger than this size, the fish is highly fatty and additionally can be loaded with toxic contaminants through bioaccumulation due to its position at the top of the food chain. 0 comments. Catfish Length/Girth Chart. With a total length possibly up to 5 m (16 ft) and a maximum weight of over 300 kg (660 lb),[5] the wels catfish is by some margin the largest true freshwater fish (as opposed to anadromous or catadromous) in its region (Europe and parts of Asia). (Everything was evil back then. Such lengths are rare and unproven during the last century, but there is a somewhat credible report from the 19th century of a wels catfish of this size. Halibut pellets, which can be bought in assorted sizes from 3mm (for feed mix and to attract small fish), to 30mm and many sized in between, with some available pre-drilled. wels catfish. A nocturnal predator, feeding close to backside, and in the water column. With its sharp pectoral fins, it creates an eddy to disorient its victim, which the predator sucks into its mouth and swallows whole. Wels Catfish often lay in quiet, dark lairs until ready to feed: overhanging trees, weed beds, lilies and hollows under the bank or on a lake or river bed provide ideal locations. It can be found throughout Europe and into Asia. Everything but fishing. The British Record was closed on 23rd October 2000 Over here, they have an average length of around 80cm and an average weight of around 18 lbs (7.5 kg). The teeth on the jaw are abrasive and care should be taken whilst handling them as contact with skin can result in a ‘graze’ like wound. Larger specimens have been observed to also eat frogs, mice, rats, aquatic birds such as ducks and can be cannibalistic. Only time will tell how large they grow in British waters. Wels Catfish have slimy and scaleless bodies that are usually greenish-brown in color with broad, flat heads, large mouths, and long muscular tails. They have two large barbels on their upper face and shorter barbels on their lower jaw that resemble whiskers like that of a cat, hence its name. Jeremy can barely contain himself!#RiverMonsters #JeremyWade #CatfishWelcome to the official River Monsters YouTube channel. The Wels Catfish has six barbules: those on the upper jaw are carried straight in front to detect prey, whilst the four shorter ones on the lower jaw hang straight down. Aquarium Size Top ↑ Tackle, Bait & Rigs. Catfishes range in size from a few inches to a few feet. Most farm-raised catfish are harvested at a weight of 11/4 pounds at an age of about 18 months. The wels catfish can easily be distinguished from other species. Most individuals reach sizes between 1.3 and 1.6 meters. thousand fry of Wels catfish (Siluro - Silurus glanis) into the River Ebro at Flix. Experts say the fish, a Mekong giant catfish, was around 170 years old and never seen in this part of the world. Maximum Weight: 660lb (300kg) [citation needed]. Wels catfish are kept in fish ponds as food fish. Spawning takes place when the water temperatures approach 20 degrees C, usually between May and July. Skin colour varies with environment. Maximum Weight: 62lb 0oz 0dr (30.123kg) The British Record Fish Committee unfortunately stopped accepting record claims for Wels Catfish and closed the record list (see above), this followed a period of illegal fish smuggling into England from mainland Europe, during which some claims were submitted citing fisheries with no known history of Wels Catfish being present. Catfish will take many types of bait and will often hoover up beds of halibut pellets and boilies, especially those with strong fish and meat flavours. Living in Europe and being a large scary animal, it of course has Medieval tales about it being evil. Scientific Name: Silurus glanis The wels catfish is the largest true freshwater fish, under perfect conditions in Europe it can reach unbelievable sizes of up to 5 metres in length and weight over 600 lbs. [6] In 1856, K. T. Kessler wrote about specimens from the Dnieper River which were over 5 m (16 ft) long and weighed up to 400 kg (880 lb). Article bookmarked. They can become sexually mature between 4-05 years old and often live to 30-years in age. It has a long anal fin that extends to the caudal fin, and a small sharp dorsal fin relatively far forward. Alfred Brehm (1829–1884), a German naturalist, published his famous work The World of Animals in the 19th century. South Carolina, Tennessee, and Missouri have all produced blue catfish in the 130 lb class, while Illinois, Texas, and Alabama have all produced fish at or exceeding 120 lbs. Wednesday 25 February 2015 17:30. 1 of 27 A local angler reeled in a 39.7-pound blue catfish that could have broken the lake's official record weight (36.19). The catfish, a European wels, was then weighed, measured and held for a photograph — just in case anyone questioned this fisherman’s tale. Only the flesh of young Silurus glanis specimens is valued as food. The wels catfish (/ˈwɛls/ or /ˈvɛls/; Silurus glanis), also called sheatfish, is a large species of catfish native to wide areas of central, southern, and eastern Europe, in the basins of the Baltic, Black, and Caspian Seas. Copyright © 2010 - 2021 Farnham Angling Society - All rights reserved, Copyright © 2010 - 2021 Farnham Angling Society. With a possible total length up to 4 m (13 ft) and a maximum weight of over 400 kg (880 lb) [citation needed], the wels catfish is the largest true freshwater fish in its region (Europe and parts of Asia).However, such lengths are rare and were hard to prove during the last century, but there is a somewhat credible report from the 19th century of a wels catfish of this size. Oklahoma is #10 on the list with a 118 lb brute caught in Lake Texoma, the same reservoir that produced biggest blue catfish … Wels Catfish forum. Life Span: Up to 90+ Years. catches. Large S. glanis are not recommended for consumption, but are sought out as a sport fish due to their combativeness. [8]. This base colour is marbled with dark blotches and spots and gives way to a creamy yellow belly: providing near perfect camouflage for both stealth and low-level attack. [citation needed]. It was also translated into Hungarian at the beginning of the 20th century. At 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) they can weigh 15–20 kg (33–44 lb) and at 2.2 m (7 ft 3 in) they can weigh 65 kg (143 lb). In April 2009, an Austrian fisherman was allegedly attacked by a catfish in one of the fishing lakes in Pér, near Győr, Hungary. Stable isotope analyses of catfish stomach contents using carbon 13 and nitrogen 15 revealed a highly variable dietary composition of terrestrial birds. Ledgered livebaits, such as Rudd and roach, can be presented just below the surface using a variety of rigs involving poly and cork balls, this method can produce very violent takes, so ensure you stay by your rods at all times! The species was introduced to England from Germany in the late 1800s, with 70 being stocked into The Shoulder of Mutton Lake at Woburn Abbey in Bedfordshire in 1880, having been received as a gift to the British Ambassador in Berlin. It is believed that their introduction was linked to the ‘gentleman’s pastime of introducing alien species of plants and animals and secondly as a cheap source of protein with which to feed the Victorian working classes, on whom their wealth depended. The official world record, caught on Italy's river Po, was 9 feet 1 inch long, and weighed 317 lbs. Bullet Weights BLI1-24 Bank Fishing Sinker (16-Pack), 1-Ounce. Only under exceptionally good living circumstances can the wels catfish reach lengths of more than 2 m (6 ft 7 in), as with the record wels catfish of Kiebingen (near Rottenburg, Germany), which was 2.49 m (8 ft 2 in) long and weighed 89 kg (196 lb). Ottó Hermann: A Book of Hungarian Fishing (A magyar halászat könyve), p. 340, "Yes, there are giant catfish in Chernobyl's cooling pond – but they're not radiation mutants", "Catfish Hunt Pigeons: Fish Catch Birds On Land In Display Of Adaptive Behavior (VIDEO)", "The catfish that strands itself to kill pigeons", "Dolijala zver iz Gružanskog jezera: izvukli soma od 2,4 metra i 117 kilograma na tri zrna kukuruza", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=riXFZF0AUuM, Waller-Wrestling im ungarischen Fischerteich, https://www.kisalfold.hu/gyor-es-kornyeke/oriasharcsa-tamadt-a-horgaszra-1856818/, http://mek.oszk.hu/03400/03408/html/2488.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wels_catfish&oldid=1001289527, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Range of the wels catfish. The wels relies largely on hearing and smell for hunting prey (owing to its sensitive Weberian apparatus and chemoreceptors respectively), although like many other catfish, the species is characterised with a tapetum lucidum, providing its eyes with a degree of sensitivity at night, when the species is most active. Blue: occurrence in coastal waters. (2016). They can be very successful when one or two larger pellets are hair rigged over a bed of smaller pellets, pre-soaking the pellets in fish oils will increase their leakage and therefore their ability to attract your quarry. It is palatable when the catfish weighs less than 15 kg (33 lb). For more information on the Invasive Species Act and Regulations visit www.ontario.ca/invasionON. Wels Catfish have an elongated scaleless body, a large head, tiny eyes, and a powerful forebody with a laterally compressed tail. These catfish appear healthy, and are maintaining a position as top predators in the aquatic ecosystem of the immediate area. They develop predatory habits and feeding on small fish, insect larvae and other aquatic prey. A study published by researchers at the University of Toulouse, France in 2012,[2] documented individuals of this species in an introduced environment lunging out of the water to feed on pigeons on land. Fishing for the monster Wels catfish of the river Ebro is something I have always wanted to do, so when I got the chance I grabbed it with both hands. These large fish usually range anywhere from 2 to 20 kg (5 to 45 lb) in weight, with uniques specimen sometimes weighing up to 90 kg (200 lb)! Following the introduction of wels catfish, populations of other fish species have undergone steep declines. The largest accurate weight was 144 kg (317 lb) for a 2.78 m (9 ft 1 in) long specimen from the Po Delta in Italy. Reports from the 19th century suggest it can grow to over 5000 mm (5 m) in length but modern records suggest it to not exceed 2400 – 2600 mm (2.4 – 2.6 m). The skin is very slimy. The man barely escaped with his life from the fish, which must have weighed over 100 kg (220 lb), according to him.[13]. Orange: introduced, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 01:37. The wels catfish is a freshwater fish, also known as sheatfish. Lizzie Dearden @lizziedearden. Tabloids regularly report attacks caused by various catfish that primarily affected animals (often only the role of the catfish was presumed). One way to hold the jaw whilst unhooking is to place the thumb on the teeth of the bottom jaw whilst placing the forefinger is placed on the outside of the lower jaw to maintain a good grip. Although White Sturgeon (Huso huso), grow to weights of 2,200lb, they spend much of their life at sea, and it is quite possible that Silurus glanis is the largest freshwater fish in the world. On average a wels catfish is 4-5 feet long, and weighs 40-50 lbs. They were stocked into Badshot Lea Big Pond in 1994 between 3-6lb in weight, since which they have grown considerably and have also bred successfully.. Click here to claim a FAS Record or Specimen Fish. A Catfish’s natural diet consists mainly of fish, but is a predator with a considerable appetite and varied palate and will consume amphibians, worms, crayfish, leeches, small swimming mammals like mice, rats or voles, and water birds from chicks to adult ducks. The cavernous mouth has hundreds of rows of very small, gripping teeth on both its top and bottom jaws. In addition, a number of short spikes on the edge of their gill rakers are used to manoeuvre prey, prior to it being swallowed whole. The wels catfish, which was set free, could be one of the largest ever caught. The Wels Catfish uses its jaws to grip prey before passing it to two sets of crushing pads at the back of the throat, where the prey is crushed. Wels swim in a fashion similar to eels, and so can swim backwards. Wels Catfish - Description: An enormous freshwater fish, it has a flattened head and huge mouth., Fish ID: 20, Weight Range: 3 - 144 lb (1,361 - 65,317 kg), Chum: Coconut, Heaviest Rod: 50 - 200 lb (22 - 90 kg) River Stour Misty Banks Old Marsh View 100 - 600 lb (45 - 272 kg) River Stour Misty Banks (Night) Oakwood Point Tranquil Retreat 50 - 200 lb (22 - 90 kg) Loch Duich The wels relies largely on hearing and smell for hunting prey (owing to its sensitive Weberian apparatus and chemoreceptors respectively), although like many other catfish, the species is characterised with a tapetum lucidum, providing its eyes with a degree of sensitivity at night, … weighing tripod, General. 1-16 of 638 results for "catfish weights" ... JSHANMEI Fishing Egg Sinker Weight Ready Rigs Stainless Steel Fishing Leader Wire Fishing Connector. In the UK however, Wels catfish do not reach these colossal sizes. There are more than two thousand species of catfish to be found in the world today. Some specimens reach up to 16.5 ft (5 m), with their weight exceeding 551 lb (250 kg). Wels, also called waller (species Silurus glanis), large, voracious catfish of the family Siluridae, native to large rivers and lakes from central Europe to western Asia. The following tackle is recommended: 2.5 – 3.5lb TC rods; reels loaded with 200m of 15lb (minimum) mainline; abrasion resistant hook links; large & strong single hooks; 42” landing net; large unhooking mat and sensitive bite indicators. Skip Navigation. Brehms Tierleben cites Heckl's and Kner's old reports from the Danube about specimens 3 m (9.8 ft) long and 200–250 kg (440–550 lb) in weight, and Vogt's 1894 report of a specimen caught in Lake Biel which was 2.2 m (7 ft 3 in) long and weighed 68 kg (150 lb). But there are more and more reports of giant wels catfish that are 9.8-16.4 ft (3-5 m) long and weigh 440-881 lb (200-400 kg). Its body is elongated and often reaches remarkable lengths. Venues. ), the former Soviet states (the Dnieper River in Ukraine, the Volga River in Russia and the Ili River in Kazakhstan), France, Spain (in the Ebro), Italy (in the Po, where a record 2.78m long wels catfish was caught, and Arno), Serbia (in Gruža Lake, where a 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) long specimen weighing 117 kg (258 lb) was caught on 21 June 2018[9][10] and catfish with length of 275 cm and weight 117 kg at Đerdap gorge on Danube River during the same year [11]), and Greece, where this fish was released a few decades ago. Catch a big Missouri catfish? which is 56 lbs larger than the current fly record. However the rod caught records are dwarfed by 600lb + specimens caught by Russian trawlers, with scientific studies of Wels’ bones suggesting that a maximum size of 1,000lb is possible, believed to inhabit the vast Russian lakes where commercial trawling ships are unable to fish. It prefers to remain in sheltered locations such as holes in the riverbed, sunken trees, etc. There are concerns about the ecological impact of introducing the wels catfish to regions where it is not native. Wels have also been observed thriving in the cooling pond of the damaged Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Home Help Search Welcome Guest. “We christened him Jaws and released him back in the water,” said Mr Smith, pictured holding the tail. The fish adapted frighteningly well to the warm murky waters and has now extended its range right up the Ebro basin, and into the River Segre (Lleida) and the River Cinca (Huesca). If the water level decreases too much or too fast the male has been observed to splash the eggs with its tail in order to keep them wet. However, the man reportedly managed to break free.[14]. Popping up the baits brings them to the attention of Catfish often improve catch rates. The male guards the nest until the brood hatches, which, depending on water temperature, can take from three to ten days. The largest Catfish caught last year was 221cm. wels catfish. Ferrari's Wels catfish weighed 280 pounds (127 kilograms) and was 8.75 feet (2.67 meters) long. The wels catfish lives in large, warm lakes and deep, slow-flowing rivers. It’s rare that these fish get any bigger or heavier. It can also attain an age of 80 years+ and weight of 165 kg or more, placing it among the largest freshwater species in the world. As a starting point you can aim to look for likely features that the Catfish may inhabit or patrol, such as their lairs (see habitat) but it is known that Catfish will actively hunt and will follow both scent trails and transmissions from injured fish. Red: native occurrence. The colouration of Wels varies greatly between individuals: usually with the back being fairly dark olive green to blue-black, giving way to paler flanks sometimes rusty in colour. The fins are dark, ranging from red-brown to brown-violet. Average Length: 60cm–90cm: (24-36 inches) Maximum Weight: 660lb (300kg) Maximum Length: 5 metres: (16 feet 6 inches) Life Span: Up to 90+ Years. Its … European wels catfish are reputed to eat anything that can fit into their huge mouths. Albinistic specimens are known to exist and are caught occasionally. 99. [3] Out of the beaching behaviors observed and filmed in this study, 28% were successful in bird capture. Greek wels grow well thanks to the mild climate, lack of competition, and good food supply. Although believed by tourists to have mutated into large sizes as a result of radioactive fallout, in reality the fish are growing to such proportions due to the absence of humans, hunting and fishing having been outlawed in the exclusion zone following the accident. In this, Brehm or the compiling Hungarian scientists write the following: Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. 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