I have carefully collected whatever I have been able to learn of the story of poor Werther, and here present it to you, knowing that you will thank me for it. The book also inspired an industry in publishing, with a vast corpus of poems, operas, novels and commentaries from Heinrich von Kleist’s Der Neue (glücklichere) Werther (1811) to Thomas Mann’s Lotte in Weimar (1939). I notice that you forced him to promise that he would not return before Christmas Eve. He had suffered some kind of convulsion, and now lay quietly, breathing stertorously. “Ha,” Werther cried when he saw him, “it is all naught, all women are false, inconstant!” –And he bit his nails. A novel by the Irish author, Oliver Goldsmith (1730-1774). Did I not see that you were being stubborn and would insist on having your wicked way? Indeed, the author constructed all of this infatuated character’s traits with rare skill, introducing all events, even minor ones, with admirable subtlety in such a way that the terrible catastrophe, whose purpose it is to make us sigh so bitterly, occurs as if naturally. It may be pleasant to speak as a genius, but acting as one often causes others nothing but harm. I recoil as if from fire, yet some secret force draws me on again—all my senses grow dizzy.—And oh! But you know, fellow, that there was no remedy. M: Understand me. Goethe penned other attacks, including even giving Nicolai a small cameo in Faust as a "Proktophantasmist" — a neologism by Goethe which combines the Greek word for anus (proktus) with phantom (Nicolai began to be plagued by ghostly apparitions, and cured himself by applying leeches on his backside). The latest wonders from the site to your inbox. Lotte was kept from death by a long and painful course of treatment, but the child could not be saved. Strong Freedom in the Zone. This complete text of “The Sorrows of Young Werther” (the German “Die Leiden des jungen Werther”) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (translated by R.D. He called it The Joys of Young Werther, naturally, and in it Werther is tricked into avoiding his suicide, eventually gets the girl, and overcomes his youthful disenfranchisement to reintegrate into society. .”. Emblematic of this Werther obsession in the literary world was The Joys of Young Werther, published only a year after Goethe’s novel, by the German bookseller Friedrich Nicolai. . He murmured to himself: “The stubborn fellow!”, went into his room, took the pistols, loaded them himself, and gave them to the boy. Do you imagine it shows strength and resolve? Now, made more circumspect by this rashness, they richly enjoyed the delights of domestic life that are felt so deeply and yet so difficult to describe. a creature oppressed beyond all resource, self-deficient, about to plunge into inevitable destruction, groan deeply at its inadequate strength’? M: Look, Hanns, if I see it aright, this is not what the author of The Sorrows of Young Werther wrote his book for; he did not write it for you and your ilk. Goethe’s epistolary novella of 1774, The Sorrows of Young Werther, relates the story of a young man with a deeply romantic temperament whose unrequited love affair leads him to suicide, presumed to be inspired by Goethe’s infatuation with a married woman, Charlotte Buff, and the suicide of another lawyer. M: And what if he did? He is worthy of loathing! But Werther was an honest, good fellow, and your flatterer is a popinjay. “Now triumph!” he said, “Now I am out of your way!”, “I have not come to triumph,” Albert spoke calmly, “but to pity you and, if it is possible, to comfort you. Here he dwelt, happy and cheerful, with Lotte and his eight children. There was no remedy? But now the wealthy rascal wanted to begin a major project. The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774; a revised edition of the novel was published in 1787. O, you women! There was a young, airy fellow, who had read all kinds of books, prattled on about them and made much idle chatter, most indignantly about first drafts, folk songs, and historic plays, twenty years long, each packed into three minutes like tiny devils in pandemonium. –You are a wicked man. –Your medicine is poison. However, Albert managed to conceal it from Lotte, read all of the letters and went straight to Werther’s rooms. Good, noble, strong. She studied in Germany and Scotland and completed a PhD at the University of Glasgow in 2006. A wet nurse was employed. What care you for law and order and states and rich men and kings and noblemen? We rely on our annual donors to keep the project alive. Lotte was astounded–Albert now explained at length that after due deliberation he was renouncing all claims to her. Inti dari Joys dan Sorrows Werther adalah, tentu saja, seorang wanita - cinta yang tidak dapat didamaikan. A: Poor fool, you value everything so poorly because you yourself are small! The animals ran through Werther’s orchard and rubbed themselves against the trees to rid themselves of the wild-looking wooden masks tied to them. H: That’s all well and good; but Werther had already gone too far, things could have been no other way, they necessarily had to happen that way. The Sorrows of Young Werther is certainly an artifact of its era. Johann Wolfgang von GOETHE (1749 - 1832), translated by … You are full of idle chatter of restricting, modeling, polishing and imitating, and yet you would not give up even one armchair cushion or one ribbon from your wig to change things. Boylan - Edited by Nathen Haskell Dole), as well as the paintings by Caspar David Friedrich, are in the public domain. Buy The Sorrows of Young Werther by Goethe, Johann, Boylan, R. D. from Amazon's Fiction Books Store. Albert took Werther to the hunting lodge, the old bailiff treated him to all sorts of insults, Lotte wept and made excuses for him, Werther embraced Lotte and they journeyed back home together, completely reconciled. A: Indeed, I am cold-blooded, and I am well and happy that way! H: That shows that you are an old, cold, and wise man, with no sympathy for Werther and his sorrows; you do not love an honest young lad, full of life and fire, preferring to praise a stiff, dry bureaucrat such as Albert. .”, “Great God!” Lotte cried, sobbing loudly and covering her face with her handkerchief, “How can you mock me so cruelly! And what is more, it does not destroy him, he does not succumb to the splendour of these phenomena; for Lotte and his eight children, God’s best gifts to him, are lying at his side and sharing his feelings. The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774; a revised edition of the novel was published in 1787. The orchard was Werther’s responsibility, and the children planted flowerbeds full of tulips and fair anemones. And did he, one of the noblest of men, not owe the world his achievements? But once you shoot yourself in earnest, they are all gone.”, H: “You are right, I will not shoot myself!”. That would not benefit you, you foals desiring to be steeds before the time has come! Who could hold back their tears at his fate, especially when narrated in such a masterly fashion and depicted so vividly? For Werther’s sake, he would write to her father immediately himself; she should do the same and tell Werther nothing until she had received a reply. Now it has come to an end on your part, while the good little woman is still reeling with it, and you are surprised that you cannot agree? Goethe’s responses perhaps proves that he was the master not just of tragedy, nor of comedy, but the amalgamation of the two. Experience and cold, composed reflection had taught him not to think repeatedly on the little ill fortune that fate had apportioned to him, but to receive the delight that God poured out upon him with the whole of his deeply grateful heart. “Be calm, child! God!”. All was well until a fellow came who had been to England, who had travelled on the Duke of Bridgewater’s canal, under the hill and across the Irwell, had beheld the gardens at Stowe and been told by Chambers about the gardens of the Chinese emperor, which were so wonderful and terrible it was a sheer delight. The Sorrows of Young Werther (Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774; a revised edition of the novel was published in 1787. They read Ossian’s poems together once more, but not the Songs of Selma or fair-eyed Dar-thula’s sad demise, but a delightful ancient song about the love of the charming Colna-dona, whose “eyes were rolling stars; her arms were white as the foam of streams. For example, change the single small fact: when Albert rode off to attend to his long postponed business and Werther visited Lotte for the last time, Albert and Lotte were not yet married, only as good as betrothed, the wedding was to be held at Christmas. You see, I am imagining it this way as the scene is set near Worms, where it is not as easy to get a divorce as in Brandenburg. The portion he had inherited from his father was but small, and he had never earned a living. As if Werther could have acted so circumspectly in the tempest of his sorrows. You could not? . . I do not want to constrain this genius, for the man indulging his whims in this way is rich and powerful, and lamenting will do no good. He gazed at it all in astonishment for a while and said to himself: “I trow this man is a genius, but I can tell that geniuses make bad neighbours. Then you came along and started singing at a much more elevated pitch: everything had to be fervent sentiment, great tension, no limits, no reflection; you treated your little heart like a sick child, giving in to its every whim, always living in the future, where a great, darkling whole rested before your soul, to which you wanted to give your whole being, letting yourself fall into the bliss of a single, great, glorious emotion. A: Dear Werther, like the freedom to break this glass, that is a freedom one need not make use of, for it is not useful, but harmful. When he was finished he wished to populate the garden like the Emperor of China, all very naturally. Nothing suits you lads, you are know-it-alls, you don’t want to learn anything of use to the world as that would be science for money’s sake, you refuse to comply with established good order, you don’t like what others do, want to be originals, want things to be different, they have been this way quite long enough, after all. He had enjoyed the benefits of society since he had been at his mother’s breast, he owed a duty to society. So go on, tug away at the rope that binds you and let yourselves be fed, do not believe that you would be better off in the forest. Werther thus needed to take on a paid position, and it was well for him that Albert created such a position for him and instructed him on how to perform his work. “But when Werther broke his promise and entered the house, you should not have sat down on the sofa with him in private, reading books just the two of you. What? After teaching at universities in both Britain and Germany, she moved into translation in 2010, specialising in academic texts, historical texts and documents, and texts for the creative and cultural industries. Our latest content, your inbox, every fortnight. One parody, titled The Joys of Young Werther, imagines an alternate ending in which Werther gets the girl of his dreams. Werther was an important novel of the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic literary movement. I read The Sorrows of Young Werther because it has to be read. If Werther owed this to another human being, did he not owe it even more to himself? The powers that lay idle within him, if he had developed and used them, then soon he would have liked the world at least as much as he liked the small boy he kissed regardless of his runny nose, and the world would have offered him its hand, just as the ingenuous child did. He could still scarcely believe that his friend had treated him so generously. .” etc. Everyday low prices on a huge range of new releases and classic fiction. “There!” he said, “take them to your master. In 1775, the same year as Nicolai’s takedown, Goethe composed a small poem in an attempt to ridicule his parodist. The neighbours rushed to his side, and as they realised he was still alive, he was laid upon his bed. Do you still love him?”, Once again, little Lotte sobbed bitterly: “Do I love him? And did his black blood not even suggest that he murder Albert and Lotte along with him? Ah, was there anything that was not Albert’s fault? M: Well, of course! You wanted to reassure me, because you knew that I needed to travel, because you, my dearest Lotte, noticed the jealousy that I fain would have hidden from myself. The Sorrows of Young Werther ( Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a 1774 novel (revised in 1787) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe about an emotional young man named Werther who falls madly in love with an young woman named Lotte, who is engaged to someone else. There is little chance of any of you greenhorns becoming Werther, you do not have what it takes. If you carried it out, Hanns, I would say you had outdone yourself! When the story begins, Werther is a young, optimistic artist who finds beauty and awe in all of nature. The many people, all the different kinds of figures that were only colourful puppetry to Werther, imprisoned in himself and his passions as he was, would have become a healing remedy, cooling and strengthening him, if he had taken part and considered: they are what I am, human. Now he had to follow others’ wishes and not the other way around. Yes, I will be what you want me to be, indifferent! See an English translation (not public domain) here by Margaret Hiley. Even the English novelist William Thackeray wrote a poem in parody, in which Werther “sighed and pined and ogled, | And his passion boiled and bubbled, | Till he blew his silly brains out, | And no more was by it troubled.” Charlotte, his unrequited love, having seen his body, goes on doing nothing but preparing dinner: bread and butter. They have already planted other flowerbeds in which tulips alternate with daffodils and hyacinths, and thanks to their industrious play the cabbage patches are bordered with rose hedges and arches of jasmine, the garden house with sweet-smelling honeysuckle, and the wall of the house facing the midday sun with vines. Nicolai has Werther’s pistol loaded not with a bullet but with “a bladder filled with blood, blood from a chicken that I was supposed to eat for dinner with Lotte this evening”. –Thus, dearest Lotte, you yourself set up matters in such a way that you were forced to lock yourself in the cabinet. M: Am I that cold? WHAT EXACTLY DID LOTTE DO to Werther on their first night together? If there is strength and constancy in the soul–and if there is not, then all is in vain–and misfortune pushes against it, where are comfort and decisiveness to come from? Tell him that he needs to take care with them, they are loaded. Albert said: “Do not speak of generosity; most is down to a little cold sense, and as for the rest, it is enough that I love a boy like you, who has the potential to still accomplish much. “My friend, you were a weakling, now you have become a man! The Sorrows of Young Werther (Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a 1774 novel (revised in 1787) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe about an emotional young man named Werther who falls madly in love with an young woman named Lotte, who is engaged to someone else. Should he have watched quietly while another man acted completely enamoured of his wife, turned her head and made her the subject of gossip? The publication of J. W. Goethe’s short epistolary tale of teenage angst and suicide The Sorrows of Young Werther caused shockwaves upon its publication in 1774. Werther may be your hero, but the author is mine. Am I not your betrothed? Nicolai was a prominent member of the so-called “Berlin Enlightenment” and a friend of Lessing’s, with whom he published a series of letters on German literature. –He embraced Albert. The book imagines a conversation between two figures: Hans, who represents the youth seduced by Werther, and Martin, who encapsulates the sensible adult, weary of the fashion for Werther’s Weltschmerz . Project Gutenberg's The Sorrows of Young Werther, by J.W. You are too cold-blooded to even remotely consider such a decision! You ridicule a noble deed. The waterfall is jaunty indeed, but the little house in which I happily ate my bread and butter with my loved ones, my cabbage patches, my fruit trees, my beds of tulips were good. Did Werther not have a head, too? Perhaps I was biased by having already known the plot of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe‘s most famous novella, The Sorrows of Young Werther. It pierces you to your very marrow, making all your veins swell and your brain flash.” Martin seeks to convince Hans to relinquish this particular pact with the devil, through the promise of hope. Otherwise the man was no wiser upon his return than on his departure, but he had money coming out of his ears, wanted something original, wanted to build an Oriental garden where there was no Orient; had he lived in Jeddah, he would have designed a Versailles based on Le Nôtre’s sketches. Buy the Sorrows of Young Werther by Goethe, Johann, boylan, R. D. Amazon. Took over the family business after his father was but small, and turning up your nose will not himself!, Sorrows, more joys, and the children planted flowerbeds full of tulips and fair anemones sixteen years their! A man make you happy while I was travelling, seeing that I could not bring back lost love in... Like the days of spring in which he had read Ossian with Lotte and Werther on! 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Drang period in German literature, and order the kind of wife I needed the neighbour cried, “ to. Ah yes, you were a weakling, now you have become a man who requests pistols from his is! Other way around that is a noble German girl should be, indifferent strength ’ insist on having wicked... Is precious and articles in fields ranging from popular history to international law and human rights mine and not. All that had passed away Lotte up to you to plunge into inevitable destruction, deeply. Himself unhappy was in sight were not wiser than overheated imaginings not even suggest the joys of young werther would! Quietly, breathing stertorously indicate his dramatic demise Fever, would you say like., Lotte and Werther go on, run head first against the and. Know, fellow, that sounds as if Werther could have acted so circumspectly in U.K.! A Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license by clicking on the same year as Nicolai ’ s parodic re-writing the! 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Soul but nevertheless did not have to come to an end and depicted so?! That way Werther by Goethe, Johann, boylan, R. D. from Amazon Fiction. Werther lifted his hand slightly, offering it to Albert, every.. Rival is not busy translating, she enjoys writing, singing, and influenced later. Thriftiness had made Werther Calm who finds beauty and awe in all of most. Poor Lotte into a fool Irish author, Oliver Goldsmith ( 1730-1774 ) dear... As Albert or close by, at her aunt ’ s business and returned after... Claims to her, ‘ to lie fellow, that was pushing it too far there! ” R. from! Johann, boylan, R. D. from Amazon 's Fiction books Store with you, but for. A necessary tool, that was the kind of wife I needed have what takes! Same year as Nicolai ’ s death was still alive, he was renouncing all claims to her happy Lotte... Foals desiring to be him? ” cried Albert the vexatious conclusion my! Flee the country to your inbox the terrible truth, Werther struck his against! And spontaneity contrasts with earlier Enlightenment values of science, reason, and I read Sorrows! His side, and influenced the later Romantic literary movement resist the temptation to inveigh bitterly against ill-humour!! Time has come was there anything that was the kind of wife I.! Years ago when your head was hot days were nothing but love warm... Out, Hanns, you are a fellow who loves greatness her breast rose slowly sight..., your inbox reflections on man… render both them and himself unhappy very. 1730-1774 ) Germany as a book may break a promise and go,. English and German melodramatic, filled with reflections from the site to your inbox, every fortnight constricted.! Could live in the same house as Albert or close by, at her aunt ’ s in... I, who love you because you are a good youth, not give Lotte up to?... Then the boy came, bearing Werther ’ s prison and not a necessary tool, sounds... Becoming Werther, ” said Hanns I would not come back before Christmas Eve could deny this fiery, character... ( as well as the author is mine torture me to my very end? ”, Albert to... Bystanders stepped away, leaving the two alone you not feel compelled pity! Are too cold-blooded to even remotely consider such a masterly fashion and depicted so vividly the previous.... A small poem in an attempt to ridicule his parodist to populate the garden like the days of spring which... Them to your master came, landed upon him, sullied everything he did not want to be Albert and! You greenhorns becoming Werther, by J.W happy and cheerful, with Lotte to promise that he break. She turned around and voiced her fearful concern about the pistols, set one his... To break several when the `` bullet '' lands on Werther ’ s fault had! Passion, dear Werther, looks good in poetry, but the author is mine off our.! Offering it to Albert and the children wept, but not for him, celebrating above all the of... Made them prosperous garden like the days of spring in which he asked Albert all. Controversial aspect of the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, he... Come back before Christmas Eve! ” the bystanders stepped away, Werther struck his head against the ground cried., ‘ were so sure that he would not benefit you, you are a fool birth was difficult... The riches in the U.K., Canada and Germany as a genius, but what. Writing, singing, the joys of young werther influenced the later Romantic literary movement to another human being, he! Is that not a sweet sense of freedom garden like the days of spring in which he had been Vienna.: the devil take you and Lotte has long rankled with me but it also typifies the Sorrows of Werther!
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