I’ve counted any site that has an Australian-specific homepage or edition, and a substantial editorial staff presence in Australia. For each country, the researchers calculated a number of different measures of market concentration across 13 media industries. But it wasn’t all fun and games. So what has happened since then? From 1987 to 2006, Australia had specific legislation limiting foreign ownership of media companies on the continent, as well as restrictions on cross-ownership of media companies meant to preserve the diversity of news media. This book moves beyond the rhetoric of free media and free markets to provide a dispassionate and data-driven analysis of global media ownership trends and their drivers. (ACMA, 2020) Why does media ownership matter? His son, Lachlan Murdoch, is a majority shareholder in Nova, Network Ten, 93.7FM and FiveAA.• Fairfax. the media landscape was dominated by print newspapers and commercial radio and TV services Despite the announcement of a Senate inquiry, Tiffen is not sure how the situation could be improved. “There’s actually a lot of good professional [journalistic] work going on, but in many ways the gap between information rich and information poor is growing rather than narrowing.”. Since the Who Owns the World’s Media research was carried out, APN News & Media was bought by News Corp in December 2016, further concentrating ownership. They are not meant to give a full picture of all media interests in Australia. But despite the howls of outrage, there has bene little political appetite to do anything about it. The snapshot and maps are a guide only. Investments. Australia had the 10th most concentrated content media industry by this measure, and was very close to the global average. The petition is accepting signatures until 11.59 on 4 November 2020. Find out more about the snapshot and maps. The information comes from a variety of public sources. • The headline of this article was amended on 13 November 2020 to clarify that it is Australia’s newspaper ownership that is among the most concentrated in … “The basic issue of concentration, the structural issue, has been fairly constant in news media for some decades,” he said. Ownership was assigned for all newspapers where possible. Hill will become an even more influential media boss in 2020 should a $40 million acquisition of Seven's Pacific Magazines be cleared by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. Media ownership in Australia is a controversial issue and is a tough issue to address. This data includes 209 metropolitan, regional and community newspapers, and includes Sunday editions. You should make your own enquiries and use your own judgement about the facts. International media mogul Rupert Murdoch owns a number of Australia’s major capital city newspapers, including The Herald Sun, The Daily Telegraph and The Courier-Mail. Print HHI and market share was calculated using “average issue readership” figures from the emma database for the period covering July 2019 to June 2020. This does not show shareholding interests under 5%, or all companies in a corporate chain. Media ownership matters in the way our news and media can be regulated and delivered to us. The study was a collaboration between academics in 30 countries, and it collated and analysed data on the ownership and concentration of media in each nation. It’s worth taking a new look at how concentrated the ownership of Australian media is, and how it compares to other countries around the world. In nations described as authoritarian by most international think-tanks and NGOs, media ownership is generally something very close to the complete state control over information in direct or indirect ways. View recent updates. One key measure is the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI), which sums the square of the market share of all companies in the market to give an index ranging from 0, the least concentrated, to 10,000, which indicates a monopoly – a market dominated by single owner. [1] Despite these restrictions, today Australia has a relatively high degree of media concentration. The book covers thirteen media industries, including television, newspapers, book publishing, film, search engines, ISPs, wireless telecommunication, and others across a 10- to 25-year period in thirty countries. Nov 11th 2020, 9:08 AM ... AUSTRALIA’S PARLIAMENT WILL launch an inquiry into media ownership, ... said the Senate had backed her push to probe the lack of news media diversity in Australia. With further consolidation of media companies likely thanks to Federal Government deregulation, the real risk is that Australian stories – our “truth” – will be told largely by two companies. The displayed data on car ownership shows results of the Statista Global Consumer Survey conducted in Australia in 2020. Based on these figures, the newspaper industry is still highly concentrated with a HHI of 3,280, and News Corp has more than half of the market at 52%: As the figures aren’t measuring circulation, it is not possible to measure them directly against the results of the 2016 study. The research further differentiated “content media” – newspapers, magazines, books, radio, TV and film – and “platform media”, which consists of sectors like telecom and internet service providers. This debate has been fuelled by the advent of new media technologies, a number of inquiries proposing regulatory changes, and the self-interest of those media organisations that report the controversy. The results show that in 2011 Australia had the most concentrated newspaper industry out of any country studied with the exception of China and Egypt: Australia’s content media industry as a whole was also highly concentrated, and had been getting steadily more concentrated over time. Updated Updated 01/03/2016 “When you look at print, you’re getting increasing concentration with smaller reach. The public broadcaster – the ABC – continues to face battles to maintain its funding, with cuts and restrictions constantly pushed by News Corp’s bevy of culture war commentators. But because it is complex and often changes, we cannot confirm it will always be accurate or up to date. Last, Sony has a portfolio of investments, much like other media companies on this list. The displayed data on consumer electronics ownership shows results of the Statista Global Consumer Survey conducted in Australia in 2020. In 2018, the takeover of Fairfax Media by Nine increased concentration again, until Nine sold regional and community newspaper group Australian Community Media (AMC). 16 December 2020. However, as circulation is no longer available, and revenue figures aren’t available for smaller companies, I’ve used readership as a proxy for circulation. News Corp has 53.3% of the newspaper market by revenue, and if you compare the distribution of the top four companies across newspapers, radio and TV, News Corp’s market share is a clear outlier: In both radio and television, the largest player has only 26% and 27% of the market respectively. We will update the media interests snapshot and associated maps (the infographics) as required. The associated maps also include the ACMA's views about a person being a 'controller' of media operations. Australia's proposed media code could break the world wide web, says the man who invented it. However it is a good indication that the industry remains highly concentrated and is probably at the higher end in a global comparison. • The headline of this article was amended on 13 November 2020 to clarify that it is Australia’s newspaper ownership that is among the most concentrated in the world, rather than its news media as a whole as an earlier version had stated. They are not meant to give a full picture of all media interests in Australia. Media Ownership in Australia (And Why it Matters) April 9, 2019 March 20, 2020 ~ James It will come as no surprise to you (particularly if you have attended the media ownership lecture) that the vast majority of Australian media is owned by a few large corporations that in turn own lots of smaller media organisations within the country. More than 500,000 Australians have signed a petition calling for an inquiry into the dominance of Rupert Murdoch's media empire. This is a summary of the main interests in major commercial TV and radio networks and associated newspapers. The high newspaper industry ownership concentration was largely due to Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp which, at the time, controlled 57% of the newspaper market by circulation. 1609116240 By Cameron England December 28, 2020 Click on a company to bring up a map of where it operates and the details of its media operations. Sony also owns non-media assets, including a bank, financial holdings, and a creative suite. © 2021 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. For better or worse, the media spotlight shone brightly on many business leaders in 2020, but there was one CEO that outshone them all – by a mile. There have been some major moves in the Australian media landscape over the past few weeks, with ownership changes, restructuring and massive job cuts announced. Prof Rodney Tiffen from the University of Sydney was one of the Australian researchers on the 2016 study and says he’s unaware of any similar global comparisons since. To get a current picture of media ownership concentration it is possible to work out the HHI index based on the most recent data available, and also to look at the percentage of the market covered by the top four companies. Every Australian television channel by their owning company: contact details, websites, email addresses, logos and more information. Foreign interests in Australian media Learn more. News website HHI and market share was calculated using Nielsen’s unique audience figures for September 2020 which covers 59 websites. This intention was thwarted in 1984 when Rupert Murdoch – proprietor of News Limited which controlled newspapers plus Channel Ten – gave up his Australian citizenship for US citizenship so Murdoch’s News Corporation could acquire broadcast media interests in the United States. Australia has a modern and diverse media industry spanning traditional and digital formats, and catering mostly to its predominantly English-speaking population. The snapshot provides an overview only of the main interests in major TV and radio networks and related newspapers. The authors described this combination of high concentration with an upward trend as “problematic”, highlighting Australia alongside Switzerland, the Netherlands, Italy, Turkey, France and Russia. Commercial media organisations are privately owned companies that compete to make profits through advertising and program sales. Kerry Stokes owned media in Australia Janet Cameron owned media in Australia Currently News Corp controls around 70 per cent of newspapers in the country, ahead of rival newspaper group Fairfax Media Ltd. Here is a list of the main media owners in Australia:• The Murdochs. Here, while News Corp has the highest market share it’s almost half of the market share of print newspapers at 26%: Putting all of this together, Tiffen suggests that as newspaper circulation continues to decline, the dominance of News Corp will have less impact nationally. It’s a shrinking total market, but within that market the biggest fish are still getting bigger,” he said. Digital has helped us stay connected – whether it’s through social media with friends, keeping across the news or conferencing for work. Individuals and corporations with vested commercial interests in the outcome of the election, such as Rupert Murdoch, the founder and CEO of News Corp, used the media to sway” voters with headlines such as: “Australia needs Tony” and “Kick this Mob [Labor] Out”. Successive governments have made laws trying to prevent the foreign ownership of Australian media. However, while the online news sector is more diverse, it has yet to replace the local reporting done by regional and community newspapers. “I do think the advent of Guardian, Crikey, the Conversation, Inside Story, these sorts of things have enriched what is available, but their reach and penetration into wider society is not anything like what used to exist,” Tiffen said. ... tracking the behaviours cemented by the extreme events of 2020. All rights reserved. Although Australia's media ownership laws have remained unchanged for over a decade, debate on the desirability of reform has continued unabated. Flamboyant West Australian entrepreneur Alan Bond bought media assets—including the Channel Nine television stations in Sydney and Melbourne—from Kerry Packer, then one of Australia's media moguls, for more than $1 billion. The 2013 federal election demonstrated the corrosive effects of concentrated media ownership on democracy. It’s also possible to measure market share by revenue, which is what industry market research company IBISWorld does. They looked at which companies controlled how much of any given market using various measures of concentration. The Broadcasting Services Act 1992 tells us how we define these companies. This is an updated version of an article and analysis written in 2018. The snapshot provides an overview only of the main interests in major TV and radio networks and related newspapers. A decision is expected in April and if successful will make Bauer an even more significant presence in … Audience and readership figures both include duplicate “readers” when summed to produce market share percentages, unlike the calculation of market share via circulation. “The structural issues are immovable, and the cultural issues are not things that governments can do much about.”. In 2016, a landmark study on media ownership and concentration, Who Owns the World’s Media?, was published. ... From Mystery Road to The Secrets She Keeps: the 10 best Australian TV shows of 2020. Using company ownership data from Bloomberg, I analysed the ownership of Australia’s 20 biggest companies a few days after the 2019 federal election in May. We have tried to make sure the information shown in the graphics is correct. Your support powers our independent journalism, Available for everyone, funded by readers. 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