Saint Catherine of Siena was born Caterina Benincasa, the youngest of 23 children. About Our Patron Saint St. Catherine of Siena The youngest child of a very large family, St. Catherine of Siena was born on March 25, 1347. Her mother was 40 when she was born. Among her many trips, she also left for Avignon to meet Gregory XI (1330–1378), who, persuaded by Catherine, returned to the city of St. Peter on January 17, 1377. St. Catherine of Siena pray for our nurses and healthcare workers. In her early twenties she experienced a “spiritual espousal” to Christ and was moved to immediately begin serving the poor and sick, gaining disciples in the process. She took Bl. St. Catherine of Siena was born during the outbreak of the plague in Siena, Italy on March 25, 1347. A complete edition of Catherine’s works, together with her biography by Raymond, was published in Siena (1707–21). Although his months there were marked by strife and…. Corrections? She was known for her holiness, asceticism, and spiritual visions and was said to have received stigmata. St. Catherine of Siena Parish Bay City. St. Catherine of Siena was a Dominican tertiary and mystic who lived in Italy in the 1300s. From Basilica of St Domenico take Via della Sapienza and then turn right into a steep downhill where about halfway down you can find in the home-sanctuary of Catherine constructed in the place where the Benincasa family once lived. Her feast day is celebrated on March 9. $16.95. The youngest of 25 children, Catherine was born on March 25 in Siena, Italy. The cult of Catherine grew quickly after her death and especially after Sienese Pope Pio II canonized her in 1461. When the rebellious city of Florence was placed under an interdict by Pope Gregory XI (1376), Catherine determined to take public action for peace within the church and Italy and to encourage a Crusade against the Muslims. Catherine herself was a twin, but her sister did not survive infancy. On Jan. 17, 1377, Gregory returned the papacy to Rome over the opposition of France and of several cardinals. In December 1376 peace was concluded with Florence. Declared patron of Italy along with St. Francis of Assisi in 1939 by Pope Pius XII due to a nationwide petition signing of Italian leaders, St. Catherine of Siena (1347-1380) is a frequently invoked saint especially for diseases. Something changed her when she was 21. St. Catherine’s feast day is April 29, she is the patroness against fire, illness, the United States, Italy, miscarriages, people ridiculed for their faith, sexual temptation, and nurses.” – From Catholic Online article found here, Sunday:8:00 AM, 10:00 AM, 12:00 PM, 5:00 PM (Español). Her mission failed, and she was virtually ignored by the pope, but while at Avignon she promoted her plans for a Crusade. trans. Saint Catherine of Siena was a Third Order Dominican known for her contemplation and prayer—as well as her involvement in Church and civil affairs. Saint Catherine from Siena Silver Medal – The Patron Saints MedalsSt. She was an important defender of the papacy and is a patron saint of Europe and of Italy. She was called Euphrosyne by her family because of her happy disposition. Her mummified head is in a reliquary near her thumb in the church of St. Dominic in Siena, while her foot and three of her fingers are holy relics in Venice. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Add To Cart. ST. CATHERINE OF SIENA Patron Saint of Europe, Italy, firefighters, illness, miscarriages. St. Catherine of Siena was a great philosopher and theologian and is considered a Doctor of the Church. She was also an author who had great influence on Italian literature and the Catholic Church. “St. Death: 1380. At the age of 16, she joined the Dominican Tertiaries. The 23rd child of a wool dyer in northern Italy, St. Catherine started having mystical experiences when she was only 6, seeing guardian angels as clearly as the people they protected. She never asked permission to give these things away, and she quietly put up with their criticisms. Updates? In 1970 Paul VI conferred the title of Doctor of the Universal Church on Catherine and in 1999 she was proclaimed co-patron saint of Europe by Pope John Paul II. She also established a monastery for women in 1377 outside of Siena. St. Catherine of Sienna Hand Painted Solid Resin Statue. Add to Wishlist. See Details. Her father was a cloth dyer. The 14th century also was the “Golden Age” of English mysticism, as conveyed in the writings of the hermit Richard Rolle;…, Catherine of Siena encouraged Gregory to move to Rome. In 1939, along with St Francis of Assisi, St Catherine of Siena was proclaimed patron saint of Italy by Pope Pius XII. Her feast day is April 29, and she was named patron saint of Rome and of Italy (along with St. Francis of Assisi), and of Europe. St. Catherine of Siena died at age 33 in Rome, and most of her body is buried there at Santa Maria sopra Minerva basilica. She began fasting and cut her hair short to mar her appearance. See Details . She was born in Rome on March 25th 1347 and died on April 29th 1380. Despite Catherine’s religious nature, she did not choose to enter a convent and instead she joined the Third Order of St. Dominic, which allowed her to associate with a religious society while living at home. © 2021 St. Catherine of Siena St. Catherine of Siena, original name Caterina Benincasa, (born March 25, 1347, Siena, Tuscany—died April 29, 1380, Rome; canonized 1461; feast day April 29), Dominican tertiary, mystic, and one of the patron saints of Italy. By 1380, the 33-year-old mystic had become ill, possibly because of her habit of extreme fasting. In her vision, she was told to reenter public life and to help the poor and sick. She was also a reformer and political activist, and she was influential in religious and political affairs of the church. Our Patron Saint. She began to have visions from an early age. The record of her ecstatic experiences in The Dialogue illustrates her doctrine of the “inner cell” of the knowledge of God and of self into which she withdrew. St. Catherine's feast day is April 29, she is the patroness against fire, illness, the United States, Italy, miscarriages, people ridiculed for their faith, sexual temptation, and nurses. by Suzanne Noffke, 1980). Catherine’s parents proposed that he marry Catherine as a replacement, but Catherine opposed this. She is also the patron of journalists and media. She became involved in politics, and was key in working to keep city states loyal to the Pope. She is the co-patron saint of Italy along with St Francis of Assisi and she is also one of the six patron saints of Europe. Patron Saint of Fire Protection, Italy, Nursing Services, Activism. Catherine’s writings, all of which were dictated, include about 380 letters, 26 prayers, and the 4 treatises of Il libro della divina dottrina, better known as The Dialogue (c. 1475; Eng. She became involved in the fractured politics of her time, but was instrumental in restoring the Papacy to Rome and in brokering peace deals during a time of factional conflict and war between the Italian city states. St. Catherine of Siena died on April 29, 1380, at the age of 33. St. Catherine herself started the rumor of the latter in her writings, but she was known to often claim the ring itself was invisible. Posted on 21. St Catherine of Siena, also known as the Doctor of the Church.She was of the Dominican Order and was a Scholastic Philosopher and theologian. Saint Catherine of Siena is Doctor of the Church, co-patron of Rome, Italy, and Europe. She was declared a doctor of the church in … She’s been named patron saint of nurses. “St. These works are so influential that St. Catherine would later be declared a Doctor of the Church. $12.95. She petitioned for peace and was instrumental in persuading the Pope in Avignon to return to Rome. They need our prayers more than ever. Patron Saints; Patrons A-D; St. Catherine of Siena; Sort by: See Details. Our patron saint. Through her life’s dedication to the sick, she was declared doctor of the church.Her StoryShe was born the 25th child to her mother, but because of the plague not all of her siblings survived infancy or childhood. Oct, 2010 by admin in Uncategorized “Virgin and Doctor of the Church, she fought with strenght and without a pause for peace”: with this words Pope Pio XII declared Saint Catherine of Siena Patron Saint of Italy. She went as an unofficial mediator to Avignon with her confessor and biographer Raymond of Capua. Catherine once explained that she regarded her father as a representation of Jesus and her mother as Our Lady, and her brothers as the apostles, which helped her to serve them with humility. At Siena, virgin and doctor of the papacy and is considered a doctor of the of. To news, offers, and spiritual visions and was instrumental in persuading the Pope in to! 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