Motley won notable civil rights victories in the U.S. Supreme Court, represented Martin Luther King Jr., served in the New York State Senate and was a city borough president. Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and … In her lengthy written opinion, Motley noted that the evidence presented at trial showed a pattern of denying tenure to all women educators in the area of the sciences that extended back over three decades, and that marriage was looked upon by the college as synonymous with needing time off to raise children. The Board of Directors and Staff of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. mourn the loss of Judge Constance Baker Motley. Motley was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 14, 1921, the daughter of emigrants from the West Indies. First Name Constance. In a 1987 decision, Motley addressed the issue of probable cause in detaining individuals suspected of violating the law, ruling that, without exceptional circumstances, suspects cannot be detained by police for more than twenty-four hours without a court ruling that sufficient evidence She later joined the Legal Defense and Educational Fund of the NAACP and worked with Thurgood Marshall. In the fall of 1997 she served as jurist-in-residence at the Indiana University School of Law. An African American who grew up near Yale University, she did not personally experience overt racism until late in high school, and as a young person she was almost totally unaware of black history. However, after a few interviews in which she barely got past the outer office, the young black woman realized that, because of her gender and her race, it would be next to impossible for her to be given a job in a private law firm. In one of her most notable judgments, she allowed a female news reporter to the New York Yankees' locker room. Constance Baker was married to Joel Motley and was engaged in a church wedding in 1946. Constance Baker Motley Popularity . Pronunciation of Constance Baker Motley with 1 audio pronunciations 0 rating rating ratings Record the pronunciation of this word in your own voice and play it … Her mother worked as a domestic worker and fathers a chef for Yale University. Lifestyle Facts. She was motivated by a speech by George Crawford to join the civil rights activism. Feb 3, 2020 - Constance Baker Motley was an African American judge, lawyer, civil rights activist, and politician. Motley took Blakeslee up on his offer and enrolled at Fisk University, transferring to New York University after a few semesters and graduating with a degree in economics in 1943. She was called to the bar of the State of New York in 1948. This Black Fact was brought to you by Master Merchant. She was promoted to the district chief judge in 1982 before ascending to the position of the senior judge four years later. Constance Baker Motley was a longtime Connecticut resident and a trailblazer for women of color. Three years later she achieved Bachelor of Laws from Columbia Law School in 1946. As a child, Motley learned about the history of African Americans through her local Sunday School class, in which teachers sought to address the large number of African-Americans in the community. Constance Baker Motley later died on 28th September 2005. Judge Motley joined the … Her success in the law courts saw her win nine of ten cases she took. 4, Macmillan Reference USA, 2006, p. 1495. Take a Spin! The peak of Constance Baker's career saw her being appointed as a federal judge. Virgos. That same She decided, instead, to apply for a position as law clerk at the Legal Defense and Education Fund of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Persons (NAACP), a legal aid society overseen by attorney Thurgood Marshall during the years prior to his 1967 appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court. Debra DeBerry Clerk of Superior Court DeKalb County (September 14, 1921 – September 28, 2005) The Clerk’s Black History Series The family regularly attended St. Luke’s Epis… Almanac of the Federal Judicial, Volume 1, 1998, pp. In appreciation for her long career in the law, Motley has received many honors and accolades. Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president, the highest elective office held by a Black woman in a major American city. ft. multi-family (2-4 unit) located at 6 Constance Baker Motley St, New Haven, CT 06511. Motley's father worked as a chef on the campus of Yale University, thus ensuring that his daughter would be exposed to an academic environment. In 1966 she became the first black woman to become a federal judge. Motley was born to West Indian immigrants. Her father Rachel Huggins and mother, McCullough Alva Baker. Born In 1921. Baker Motley was confirmed as a U.S. District Court judge by President Lyndon B. Johnson, making her the first Black women to be federally appointed to the federal bench. Winning 9 out of these 10 cases, Motley established herself as a successful female attorney at the highest level of the United States judiciary. Constance Baker's racial experience in lower primary school enabled her to develop racial awareness. While Motley had to work twice as hard as her white male colleagues to earn the respect of attorneys and her fellow justices, she eventually gained a reputation as a respected and fair-minded jurist. Quotations by Constance Baker Motley, American Activist, Born September 14, 1921. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree in 1943 from New York University and her LL.B. Birthplace: New Haven, Conn. As a prominent civil rights attorney, Motley won nine of the ten cases she argued before the U.S. Supreme Court, including the 1962 case in which James Meredith won admission to the University of Mississippi. The president later appointed her to the federal bench of Southern District in New York. The first black woman to graduate from Columbia University School of … Her topic, "Thurgood Marshall: The Early Years, " recalled the period she worked alongside the esteemed jurist at the NAACP Legal Defense Fund. Motley was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 14, 1921, the daughter of emigrants from the West Indies. As a child, Motley learned about the history of African Americans through her local Sunday School class, in which teachers sought to address the large number of African-Americans in the community. Democratic Party Facts. She worked as the first female attorney for the Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDF) of the National Association for the Advancement for Colored People (NAACP). Her father, McCullough Alva Baker, worked as a chef for Yale student societies, including Skull and Bones. In February of 1965, Motley was elected by the New York City Council to fill a one-year vacancy as president of the Manhattan borough, and she still holds the record as the only woman to yet occupy that position. In 1982 she sentenced six Croatian nationalists to prison terms of over twenty years for murder, arson, and extortion; in 1991, in Basic Books v. Kinko's Graphics Corp., the issue of copyright infringement prompted a ruling by Motley that stores that photocopy and sell excerpts of textbooks for inclusion in course packets were required to pay royalties to publishers, despite the fact that such photocopies were for educational purposes; and in 1994, in a case involving Vassar College, Motley ruled that the denial of tenure to a former biology professor was because she was married-and thus discriminatory-rather than because of poor evaluations. She attended public schools, and on many occasions, she was a subject of racism during in school. Until her last day, Baker worked as a federal judge. The American civil rights leader has been alive for 36,261 days … She was later reelected to succeed herself in the seat in November 1965 for her full four-year term. Constance Baker Motley, née Constance Baker, (born September 14, 1921, New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.—died September 28, 2005, New York, New York), American lawyer and jurist, an effective legal advocate in the civil rights movement and the first African American woman to become a federal judge. For additional biographical information, see Equal Justice-Under Law: An Autobiography by Constance Baker Motley (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998). Constance Baker Motley led a distinguished career as both a civil rights attorney and a jurist on the federal bench. Constance Baker Motley The first Black woman to serve as a federal judge and argue a case before the US Supreme Court, Constance Baker Motley was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 14, 1921. These early experiences would serve Motley well after high school graduation; although the financial demands of tuition put college out of reach, she was still able to obtain a good job with the National Youth Administration (NYA) due to her strong clerical and administrative skills and her public service background. In 1945, even before completing her law degree at Columbia, Motley began the search for a position as a clerk in a local law firm, the typical first step in the career path of freshly minted young lawyers. Constance Baker Motley 1921–2005 Federal court judge, lawyer, politician When, in May of 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its landmark decision in the Brown v. Thurgood Marshall, left, and Constance Baker Motley, after whom the scholarship is named. View sales history, tax history, home … exists to justify the arrest. In 1995 Motley would be the recipient of the New York Women's Bar Association's Florence E. Allen award. An energetic, dedicated woman who had devoted her life to the practice of law, she had transcended many stereotypes levelled against members of her sex, earning a reputation as a somewhat uncompromising jurist with little patience for lawyers who overstep their bounds. The first African American woman appointed to a federal judgeship in the United States, Constance Baker Motley (born 1921) has repeatedly blazed new trails for women in the judiciary, as well as in politics. Science Facts. Constance Baker Motley was born on September 14, 1921 in New Haven, Connecticut. Smalls, Robert (1839-1915) Barr, Epsy Campbell (1963- ) (2004) Al Sharpton, “Speech Before … She was the attorney for church bomb victims. Source: Blackfacts.com. Over the next ten years, dozens of legal battles were required to enforce the ruling, and one of the leading powers behind them was a young, black trial attorney named Constance Baker Motley. She was appointed by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson to the U.S. District Court of New York’s Southern District, making her the first female, African-American judge to preside over a federal court. September 14, Her success in that capacity earned her a full four-year term in office, during which time Motley developed a program for the revitalization of Harlem and East Harlem, winning the city $700, 000 in funds to plan much-needed improvements for impoverished areas of New York City. New York Legal Aid Society attorney Caesar Cirigiano, who had filed the suit on behalf of the plaintiff, was quoted in the New York Times as calling Motley's ruling "the most important decision in the area of defendants' rights in the last ten years.". Click for even more facts or worksheets. As principal legal counsel for the NAACP's Legal Defense and Education Fund, Motley was almost exclusively involved in the litigation of civil rights cases, working to end discrimination against African Americans in areas of education, housing, employment, transportation, and public accommodations. year, on August 18, she would marry a local insurance broker named Joel W. Motley, with whom she would eventually have a son. Feb. 23, 1965: Constance Baker Motley Becomes First Black Manhattan Borough President Credit: Getty Images. A 1998 portrait of U.S. District Judge Constance Baker Motley. Until her last day, Baker worked as a federal judge. In 1965, on the advice of Supreme Court Justice Ramsey Clark, who had been impressed by Motley's arguments before his court, President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Motley for a seat on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, the bench that hears all cases arising out of the federal trial courts in Connecticut, New York, and Vermont. Arts Facts. At one such forum, a talk she presented so impressed local businessman Clarence Blakeslee that he offered to put Motley through college. Motley's father worked as a chef on the campus of Yale University, thus ensuring that his daughter would be exposed to an academic environment. Her parents immigrated from Nevis, part of the British West Indies. Constance Baker was a famous legal practitioner and a civil rights activist. US President. Constance Baker Motley died in New York City in September 2005. 6 beds, 3 baths, 2320 sq. Among Motley's tasks at the NYA was addressing topics of interest at the city's public forums. In the years that followed, Motley would be asked to argue many cases involving the issues raised in Brown, appearing in state and federal courts around the country. Here are several striking facts about Constance Baker Motley, any one of which would make her worthy of serious study. From law clerk to Federal Court judge, Motley … Constance Baker Motley was an unlikely civil rights hero. Constance Baker Motley, January 28, 1964 – Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection In 1954, she wrote the first legal brief in the groundbreaking Brown v. the Board of Education case. Source: Blackfacts.com. During he… Judge Constance Baker Motley was born in New Haven and attended New Haven's public schools. As a justice on the federal judicial circuit, Motley has been privileged to hear cases involving diverse, often sophisticated points of law dealing with issues regarding the U.S. Constitution, federal statutes, and disagreements between residents of different states, many of them large corporations. The Associated Press reports that the Marshall-Motley Scholars Program is named for legendary Supreme Court Justice and LDF founder Thurgood Marshall, and for Constance Baker Motley… She was the fifth woman, and the first Black woman, appointed to the federal bench.3 She served for almost twenty years, from 1946 to 1964, as staff She is currently 99 years old. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Rachel Huggins, her mother, was a domestic worker. The award held a special meaning for Motley; as she told the Columbia University Record, "My role model as a female judge was Florence Allen.". Take a Spin! First Name Constance #16. Constance Bakers was born in New Haven on 14th September 1921. Hine, Darlene Clark, Black Women in America, Carlson, 1993. During her travels, she gained experience working with many judges, one of the most notable of whom was Ohio justice Florence E. Allen, the first woman to sit on the bench of either a state supreme court or a U.S. Court of Appeals. During her high school years she exhibited both initiative and strong leadership skills, serving as president of the city's Youth Council and as secretary for New Haven's Adult Community Center. However, opposition to this nomination was so vocal that Johnson withdrew Motley's name and appointed her, instead, as one of twenty-eight U.S. District judges for the Southern District of New York. At the age of 74, Constance Baker was diagnosed with congestive heart failure and was admitted at NYU Downtown Hospital in Manhattan. MOTLEY-Constance Baker. In 1962, she successfully argued before the Supreme Court for the admission of James Meredith, a black man, to the all-white University of Mississippi. Constance Baker Motley confirmed as U.S. district judge and became the first Black woman on the federal bench. During her 2nd year in the university, she worked as a law clerk on court-martial cases that were filed after World War II. “Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: the Blackexperience in the Americas.” Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: the Blackexperience in the Americas, by Colin A. Palmer, 2nd ed., vol. Perhaps most notably, though, she became the firs… Columbia Law School would be next; Motley received her LL.B. It is located at 6 Constance Baker Motley St New Haven, Connecticut. At the age of 74, Constance Baker was diagnosed with congestive heart failure and was admitted at NYU Downtown Hospital in Manhattan. Constance Baker Motley Is A Member Of . Sponsors. The two were married until her death. Both of her parents were immigrants of the Nevis. 1921. The following year she was elected to the state senate in her own right, and introduced and supported legislation to establish much-needed low-and middle-in-come housing in New York's urban areas before resigning the following year to pursue another opportunity in politics. Motley grew up attending New Haven’s integrated public schools and soon became an avid reader. in 1946 from Columbia University School of Law. In tandem with her work for the NAACP, Motley began a part-time career in government as a member of the New York State Advisory Council on Employment and Unemployment Insurance, a position she held from 1958 to 1965. In 1982, Judge Motley was appointed Chief Judge of the Southern District of New York and held senior status since 1986. Motley became the lead trial attorney for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and began arguing desegregation and fair housing cases across the country. She later joined New York University, where she attained a degree in Bachelor of Arts in 1943. This post, which was confirmed by the Senate in 1966, made her the first African American woman to serve as a federal judge. In 1950, she became the first Black American woman to argue a case in the US Supreme Court. Clarence W. Blakeslee, a philanthropist, helped Baker join Fisk University, a renowned University for black students. On 4th February 1964, Constance Baker was elected to the New York State Senate. She was the recipient of the 1984 Candace Award from the National Coalition of One Hundred Black Women, and, in 1988, was asked to address an audience at the University of California at Los Angeles as part of the Thurgood Marshall Lecture series. Civil Rights Leaders. Representing the voice of both minorities and women during her decades as a practicing attorney, she had also addressed the rights of these same groups from her position on the U.S. District Court of New York State. Though poor, they belonged to New Haven’s black elite. She is popular for being a Civil Rights Leader. All Rights Reserved. In her line of duty, she visited Martin Luther King Junior in jail. Constance Baker Motley later died on 28th September 2005. Development Facts Constance Baker Motley is a Senior Only high-rise development, providing 150 homes for residents 62 years and older, residents with disabilities and elderly disabled residents. Federal Judge Constance Baker Motley was born in Connecticut in 1921. This 2320 square foot multi family home has 6 bedrooms and 4.0 bathrooms. 66-68. In 1954 she wrote the briefs presented to the U.S. Supreme Court arguing the plaintiff's side in Brown v. Board of Education, a landmark civil rights case that resulted in the elimination of the "separate but equal" clause that had allowed the continued segregation of many of the nation's public schools. She was the first African American woman to argue a case before the Supreme Court. • Ahmed, Siraj. Most Popular #156185. They had one son Joel Wilson Motley and three grandchildren. Her government job became full-time in 1963 when she served out the unexpired term of New York State Senator James Watson. Take a Spin! Virgo Civil Rights Leader #20. Columbia University Record, June 9, 1995. Whitney Young. The person at the NAACP who hired her? Lyndon B. Johnson. Her parents were emigrants from the island of Nevis in the West Indies. She became the first African woman to win the seat. Ten of her cases would be argued before the U.S. Supreme Court; of those, she won nine. Zestimate® Home Value: $238,618. Constance Baker Motley Fans Also Viewed . Upon receiving the Distinguished Alumna Award from Columbia Law School's Women's Association, Motley was cited as "a symbol of success … at a time when there was enormous discrimination against woman, and even more against black women.". She was the 9th born child in a family of 12 children. She was the ninth child in a family of 12 children. Constance Baker's first job was as the first female attorney lawyer in NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. She was the first black American woman to serve in the federal judiciary as a District Judge. Share with your friends. On several occasions, she visited Medgar Evers, a civil rights activist who had been arrested during his line of duty. from that institution in 1946. Born Constance Baker in New Haven, Connecticut, the future legal … Constance Baker Motley was born on the 14th of September, 1921. Marshall would become a mentor to the young law student, and Motley would remain at the Fund for the next twenty years, becoming assistant counsel in 1950, and the organization's principal trial lawyer in the decade that followed. In her time as a civil judge, she oversaw many civil rights cases. 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